Anthropology

A Student's Guide to Theory and Method

Author: Stanley Barrett

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442697016

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7248

Stanley R. Barrett's Anthropology has long been a premiere sourcebook for students, providing a comprehensive overview of both theory and method in the discipline. In this updated second edition, Barrett's discussion of the origins and evolution of anthropology remains, augmented by sections addressing recent changes and ongoing questions in the field. The second edition of Anthropology adds important new material on questions of culture versus power, Max Weber's thought, the potential of applied anthropology, and the rise of public anthropology, while briefly touching on the anthropology of globalization. As in the previous edition, Barrett remains committed to exploring the impact of postmodernism on the practice and theory of anthropology, positing that it is a formless and ultimately short-lived approach. Including case studies to demonstrate real-world applications of the theories discussed, Barrett's Anthropology remains an essential text for students and teachers of anthropology.

Practicing Ethnography

A Student Guide to Method and Methodology

Author: Lynda Mannik,Karen McGarry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1487593120

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9758

This methods book is theoretically informed but practical in approach, and reflects the challenges and concerns of contemporary ethnography in North America. The authors emphasize an inductive, ethnographic approach to research. Each chapter offers an overview of a particular method, methodological issue, or research trend, followed by an extended ethnographic vignette--written exclusively for this volume--by contemporary anthropologists about their fieldwork experiences. These highly readable vignettes showcase how ethnography informs contemporary anthropological theory, offering a unique way to discuss major concepts, methods, and methodologies. "Try This" and "Possible Projects" sections encourage newcomers to anthropology to apply what they have learned in their own ethnographic experiences.

The Gospel of Freedom and Power

Protestant Missionaries in American Culture after World War II

Author: Sarah E. Ruble

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837423

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 8694

In the decades after World War II, Protestant missionaries abroad were a topic of vigorous public debate. From religious periodicals and Sunday sermons to novels and anthropological monographs, public conversations about missionaries followed a powerful yet paradoxical line of reasoning, namely that people abroad needed greater autonomy from U.S. power and that Americans could best tell others how to use their freedom. In The Gospel of Freedom and Power, Sarah E. Ruble traces and analyzes these public discussions about what it meant for Americans abroad to be good world citizens, placing them firmly in the context of the United States' postwar global dominance. Bringing together a wide range of sources, Ruble seeks to understand how discussions about a relatively small group of Americans working abroad became part of a much larger cultural conversation. She concludes that whether viewed as champions of nationalist revolutions or propagators of the gospel of capitalism, missionaries--along with their supporters, interpreters, and critics--ultimately both challenged and reinforced a rhetoric of exceptionalism that made Americans the judges of what was good for the rest of the world.

A Guide to Careers in Physical Anthropology

Author: Alan S. Ryan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897896931

Category: Nature

Page: 308

View: 671

Most students of physical anthropology have aspired to a research/teaching position at a university. However, because of the decline in the academic job market, there has been an increased interest in alternative careers. This collection describes career paths that physical anthropologists have chosen within and outside the academy.

Anthropology Unbound, A Field Guide to the 21st Century

Anthropology, Anthropology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478402199

Category: Education

Page: 78

View: 2643

Facts101 is your complete guide to Anthropology Unbound, A Field Guide to the 21st Century. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology

An Encyclopedia

Author: R. Jon McGee,Richard L. Warms

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506307752

Category: Social Science

Page: 1056

View: 9957

Social and cultural anthropology and archaeology are rich subjects with deep connections in the social and physical sciences. Over the past 150 years, the subject matter and different theoretical perspectives have expanded so greatly that no single individual can command all of it. Consequently, both advanced students and professionals may be confronted with theoretical positions and names of theorists with whom they are only partially familiar, if they have heard of them at all. Students, in particular, are likely to turn to the web to find quick background information on theorists and theories. However, most web-based information is inaccurate and/or lacks depth. Students and professionals need a source to provide a quick overview of a particular theory and theorist with just the basics—the "who, what, where, how, and why," if you will. In response, SAGE Reference plans to publish the two-volume Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology: An Encyclopedia. Features & Benefits: Two volumes containing approximately 335 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resource available on anthropology theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader's Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Anthropology Theory allows students to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry and a Master Bibliography at the end guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion.

Reader's Guide to Music

History, Theory and Criticism

Author: Murray Steib

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135942692

Category: Reference

Page: 928

View: 9425

The Reader's Guide to Music is designed to provide a useful single-volume guide to the ever-increasing number of English language book-length studies in music. Each entry consists of a bibliography of some 3-20 titles and an essay in which these titles are evaluated, by an expert in the field, in light of the history of writing and scholarship on the given topic. The more than 500 entries include not just writings on major composers in music history but also the genres in which they worked (from early chant to rock and roll) and topics important to the various disciplines of music scholarship (from aesthetics to gay/lesbian musicology).

The Blackwell Guide to Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Author: Li Wei,Melissa G. Moyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444301136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 686

As globalization has increased awareness of the extent of language contact and linguistic diversity, questions concerning bilingualism and multilingualism have taken on an increasing importance from both practical and scholarly points of view. Written by leading experts and practitioners in the field, The Blackwell Guide to Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Highlights the interdisciplinary nature of research on bilingualism and multilingualism and offers a practical guide to the procedures and tools for collecting and analyzing data Specifically addresses methodological issues, discussing research topics, core concepts and approaches, and the methods and techniques available Links theory to method, and to data, and answers a real need for a know-how volume on bilingualism and multilingualism that deals with its methodology in a systematic and coherent way

Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts

A Guide to Research Practices

Author: Ruth Finnegan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134945396

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7797

The study of oral traditions and verbal arts leads into an area of human culture to which anthropologists are increasingly turning their attention. Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts provides up-to-date guidance on how to approach the study of oral form and their performances, treating both the practicalities of fieldwork and the methods by which oral texts and performances can be observed, collected or analysed. It also relates to those current controversies about the nature of performance and of 'text'. Designed as a practical and systematic introduction to the processes and problems of researching in this area, this is an invaluable guide for students, and lecturers of anthropology and cultural studies and also for general readers who are interested in enjoying oral literature for its own sake.

Using Anthropology in the World

A Guide to Becoming an Anthropologist Practitioner

Author: Riall W. Nolan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351856928

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 1787

Anthropologist practitioners work outside the confines of the university, putting their knowledge and skills to work on significant problems in a wide variety of different contexts. The demand for anthropologist practitioners is strong and growing; practice is in many ways the leading edge of anthropology today, and one of the most exciting aspects of the discipline. How can anthropology students prepare themselves to become practitioners? Specifically designed to help students, including those in more traditional training programs, prepare for a career in putting anthropology to work in the world, the book: - provides an introduction to the discipline of anthropology and an exploration of its role and contribution in today’s world; - outlines the shape of anthropological practice – what it is, how it developed historically, and what it looks like today; - describes how students of anthropology can prepare for a career in practice, with emphasis on the relationship between theory, method, and application; - includes short contributions from practitioners, writing on specific aspects of training, practice, and career planning; - sets out a framework for career planning, with specific and detailed discussions of finding and securing employment; - reviews some of the more salient challenges arising in the course of a practitioner career; and - concludes with a discussion of what the future of anthropological practice is likely to be. Using Anthropology in the World is essential reading for students interested in preparing themselves for the challenges and rewards of practice and application.

Doing Health Anthropology

Research Methods for Community Assessment and Change

Author: Christie W. Kiefer, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826115584

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 3116

What is the relationship between health, human nature, and human needs? The impact of social change on communities? The processes by which communities confront and overcome their health problems? How do we study these health questions in new communities and become advocates for change? These are critical questions in confronting the social causes of ill health, yet many health students do not have the appropriate training in the anthropological methods and techniques that help answer them. Christie Kiefer has written Doing Health Anthropology to prompt students to enter the community already prepared in these methods so that they can accurately ask and solve these important questions themselves. Using this book as a guide, students learn to integrate cultural anthropology with health science and come to their own conclusions based on field research. The book includes common pitfalls to avoid when conducting interviews and observations, and ways to formulate and answer research questions, maintain field notes and other records, and correctly analyze qualitative data. With the help of this text, practitioners and students alike will be able to integrate cultural anthropology methods of research into their health science investigations and community health initiatives. For news and to learn more about how you can implement a community approach to building global health and social justice, visit

A Cell Biologist's Guide to Modeling and Bioinformatics

Author: Raquell M. Holmes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470139349

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 6843

A step-by-step guide to using computational tools to solve problems in cell biology Combining expert discussion with examples that can be reproduced by the reader, A Cell Biologist's Guide to Modeling and Bioinformatics introduces an array of informatics tools that are available for analyzing biological data and modeling cellular processes. You learn to fully leverage public databases and create your own computational models. All that you need is a working knowledge of algebra and cellular biology; the author provides all the other tools you need to understand the necessary statistical and mathematical methods. Coverage is divided into two main categories: Molecular sequence database chapters are dedicated to gaining an understanding of tools and strategies—including queries, alignment methods, and statistical significance measures—needed to improve searches for sequence similarity, protein families, and putative functional domains. Discussions of sequence alignments and biological database searching focus on publicly available resources used for background research and the characterization of novel gene products. Modeling chapters take you through all the steps involved in creating a computational model for such basic research areas as cell cycle, calcium dynamics, and glycolysis. Each chapter introduces a new simulation tooland is based on published research. The combination creates a rich context for ongoing skill and knowledge development in modeling biological research systems. Students and professional cell biologists can develop the basic skills needed to learn computational cell biology. This unique text, with its step-by-step instruction, enables you to test and develop your new bioinformatics and modeling skills. References are provided to help you take advantage of more advanced techniques, technologies, and training.

Arguing with Anthropology

An Introduction to Critical Theories of the Gift

Author: Karen Sykes,Karen Margaret Sykes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415254434

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 5550

A guide to key elements in anthropology, this work teaches the ability to think, write and argue critically. Its hypothetical approach takes gift-theory - the science of obligation and reciprocity - as the theme of a virtual enquiry, which explores how the discipline has evolved, how it is applied in practice and how it can be argued.

Cinema

A Visual Anthropology

Author: Gordon Gray

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887600

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 192

View: 622

Cinema: A Visual Anthropology provides a clear and concise summary of the key ideas, debates, and texts of the most important approaches to the study of fiction film from around the world. The book examines ways to address film and film experience beyond the study of the audience. Cross-disciplinary in scope, Cinema uses ideas and approaches both from within and outside of anthropology to further students' knowledge of and interest in fiction film. Including selected, globally based case studies to highlight and exemplify important issues, the book also contains suggested Further Reading for each chapter, for students to expand their learning independently. Exploring fundamental methods and approaches to engage this most interesting and vibrant of media, Cinema will be essential reading for students of anthropology and film.

Anthropology and Archaeology

A Changing Relationship

Author: Chris Gosden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134716206

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 7856

Anthropolgy and Archaeology provides a valuable and much-needed introduction to the theories and methods of these two inter-related subjects. This volume covers the historical relationship and contemporary interests of archaeology and anthropology. It takes a broad historical approach, setting the early history of the disciplines with the colonial period during which the Europeans encountered and attempted to make sense of many other peoples. It shows how the subjects are linked through their interest in kinship, economics and symbolism, and discusses what each contribute to debates about gender, material culture and globalism in the post-colonial world.

Etnohistoria. (Antropología histórica)

Author: MÜLLAUER SEICHTER Waltraud,Fernando MONGE MARTÍNEZ

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN: 8436261933

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5742

En la primera parte, Waltraud Müllauer-Seichter presenta una de las tradiciones antropológicas más fuertes en el ámbito de la etnohistoria y antropología histórica, la escuela germano-austriaca, y en particular la escuela de Viena. En la segunda, Fernando Monge ofrece una presentación de la etnohistoria y la antropología histórica en el ámbito anglosajón. Centra su atención en los Estados Unidos ya que es allí donde este ámbito de especialización ha alcanzado una mayor escala.

Participant Observation

A Guide for Fieldworkers

Author: Kathleen Musante DeWalt,Billie R. DeWalt

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100459

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 5607

Participant Observation is a central and defining method of research in cultural anthropology, as well as a common feature of qualitative research in other disciplines—sociology, education, health sciences. The authors provide the basic guide to the participant observation field methods of collection of systematic data in naturalistic settings—communities in many different cultures. It is a valuable primer for the beginning researcher, as well as a reference for the experienced ethnographer.

Teaching Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Author: Dr Claire Wagner,Dr Mark Garner,Ms Barbara Kawulich

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491862

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 2192

How can excellence in the teaching of research methods be encouraged and ensured? This question has become increasingly important following the adoption of research methodology as a core part of many postgraduate and undergraduate courses. There has, however, been little discussion about the aims and methods of teaching the subject. In this volume; a number of authors from a variety of countries and disciplines employ their knowledge and experience towards the development of a 'pedagogical culture' in research methods. Their aim is to establish the extent of common concerns and challenges and to demonstrate ways in which these are being met. Intended to provide both a stimulus and source materials for the development of a more substantial and systematic literature in the field, the book will be of great interest to all those teaching research methods courses within social science disciplines.

Theory Construction and Model-building Skills

A Practical Guide for Social Scientists

Author: James Jaccard,Jacob Jacoby

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606233408

Category: Psychology

Page: 391

View: 1400

Meeting a crucial need for graduate students and newly minted researchers, this innovative text provides hands-on tools for generating ideas and translating them into formal theories. It is illustrated with numerous practical examples drawn from multiple social science disciplines and research settings. The authors offer clear guidance for defining constructs, thinking through relationships and processes that link constructs, and deriving new theoretical models (or building on existing ones) based on those relationships. Step by step, they show readers how to use causal analysis, mathematical modeling, simulations, and grounded and emergent approaches to theory construction. A chapter on writing about theories contains invaluable advice on crafting effective papers and grant applications. Useful pedagogical features in every chapter include: Application exercises and concept exercises Lists of key terms and engaging topical boxes Annotated suggestions for further reading. This book is intended for graduate students in a range of disciplines, including psychology, education, sociology, health, and management, as well as social scientists pursing research careers in academic or other settings. It can serve as a primary text in graduate-level courses in theory construction or as a supplemental text in courses on research methodology, theories of a particular discipline, grant writing, or the dissertation.