The latest edition of this classic text, now in a larger format with improved artwork, continues to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the science and practice of animal nutrition. Animal Nutrition covers four main areas. Chapters 1-9 explain the basic chemistry and biochemistry of feed constituents, digestion and metabolism; Chapters 10-18 evaluate the energy and nutrient content of feedstuffs and discuss the assessment of nutritional requirements and ration formulation; Chapters 19-25 describe the characteristics of commonly used feedstuffs such as forages, concentrates and by-products; and the Appendix provides comprehensive tables on the composition of foods and feeding standards for dairy and beef cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry, and horses.
Although nutrition is thought to be a completed science, it is not, neither in theory or practice. Rationale for Animal Nutrition addresses the incorrect ideas and unsettled issues, and far beyond the standard, protein builds muscle and vitamin A is good for the eyes, nutritional pabulum. Dr. Wysong?s experience in veterinary surgery and medicine, nutritional and food science research, and building and running food manufacturing facilities gives him the 'in the trenches? insight to take issue with a wide variety of common nutritional givens. These are some of the myths he challenges:? Processed packaged pet food are "100% complete and balanced"? Synthetic nutrients are the same as natural? Better digestibility equals better food? Supplementing commercial pet foods is dangerous? NRC requirements are well founded in fact? A food's merit can be determined by its list of ingredients or analyses? Foods in paper bags can have a six month or greater shelf-life? Modern nutrition is better than that of our ancestors? More technology and more medicine will mean less disease? Science knows what nutrients we requireDr. Wysong gives readers fundamental, philosophic understandings of their place - and that of their companion animals - in the natural order of things. This empowers people with the insight needed to make independent, healthful decisions when confronting the confusing and dangerous commercial marketplace.
Wilson G. Pond,David C. Church,Kevin R. Pond,Patricia A. Schoknecht
Author: Wilson G. Pond,David C. Church,Kevin R. Pond,Patricia A. Schoknecht
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This fifth edition arms readers with the latest information on nutrient metabolism and the formulation of diets from an array of available feedstuffs. The authors discuss animals' role in ecological balance, environmental stability and sustainable agriculture and food production. A new chapter on the regulation of nutrient partitioning offers a lively and timely discussion of emerging technologies in modifying and increasing efficiency of nutrient metabolism and animal food composition. A new chapter on toxic minerals in the food chain addresses the role of agricultural production animal nutrition in protecting the environment from toxic levels of minerals and nitrogen in the food chain.
Vitamins in Animal Nutrition presents concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for livestock and poultry; comparisons with vitamin use in human nutrition are also presented. This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation. A wealth of photographs illustrate the nutritional aspects of vitamin deficiencies and excesses in livestock, along with their concomitant conditions. This authoritative reference is of interest to professionals in animal nutrition and the livestock industry and is suitable as a graduate-level text on vitamin nutrition in animals. First book of its kind Offers practical and broad coverage of nutrition as it relates to farm livestock, humans, and laboratory animals Clinically identifies and outlines the effects of vitamin excesses and deficiencies in animals and humans Emphasizes vitamin supplementation, and vitamin metabolism and function Illustrated with numerous photographs
National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Author: National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
The American feed industry manufactures tons of dietary supplements and additives each year for inclusion in the diets of food-producing animals. Some scientists have suggested that chromium should be a key ingredient in nutritional supplements. Controversy exists, however, over whether chromium sources should be approved as feed additives and whether enough data exist to establish dietary requirements. Chromium use has been suggested to have positive impacts on farm profitability, and many animal health benefits have been attributed to chromium supplementation, including increased longevity; enhanced reproduction; decreased incidence of metabolic disorders, stress effects, and disease; reduced need for antibiotic usage; improved immune response; and lean carcass quality. This book addresses recent research on chromium in animal diets; metabolic interactions between chromium and other nutrients; assessments of form and species interactions; supplementation effects; bioavailability of chromium forms and sources; and effects of diet composition, stressors, and animal physiological status on chromium utilization. It also provides recommendations on the essentiality of dietary chromium in domestic animal species and guidelines for use of dietary chromium.
Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition: 1992 is an annual review of the changes and updates in the field of animal nutrition, especially progresses in the study of feeds. The book is divided into four parts. Part I discusses topics related to nutrition in non-ruminant animals, while Part II covers ruminant nutrition. Part III tackles studies about general nutrition such as the use of growth promoters in animal feeds and predicting the response to variation and diet, and Part IV deals with feed compounding and its effects. The text is recommended for agriculturists, zoologists, and those involved in the development and manufacture of feeds who would like to know more about the nutrition of agriculturally important animals.
Fats in Animal Nutrition provides a useful text containing information from many diverse disciplines that discuss the nutritional utilization of lipids of domesticated animals. The book is divided into seven parts. Part I covers the chemistry and biochemistry of animal and plant fats and their nutritional importance; Part II discusses the general principles involved in the transport and absorption of fats and how this process is facilitated in ruminant and non-ruminant animals. The book also deals with the role of essential fats in the nutrition of different animals, as well as the protective functions of fat-soluble vitamins . Part IV discusses the use of fats as an energy source for animals; Part V deals with the inclusion of fats in animal feeds and their uses. The deposition of fat in different meats and the practical applications of fat utilization in animals are covered as well. The text is recommended for agriculturists, veterinarians, and zoologists who would like to know more about the importance of the inclusion of fats in animal diets.
National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Promise for the New Century: Proceedings of a Symposium
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
The science of animal nutrition has made significant advances in the past century. In looking back at the discoveries of the 20th century, we can appreciate the tremendous impact that animal nutrition has had on our lives. From the discovery of vitamins and the sweeping shift in the use of oilseeds to replace animal products as dietary protein sources for animals during the war times of the 1900s-to our integral understanding of nutrients as regulators of gene expression today-animal nutrition has been the cornerstone for scientific advances in many areas. At the milestone of their 70th year of service to the nation, the National Research Council's (NRC) Committee on Animal Nutrition (CAN) sought to gain a better understanding of the magnitude of recent discoveries and directions in animal nutrition for the new century we are embarking upon. With financial support from the NRC, the committee was able to organize and host a symposium that featured scientists from many backgrounds who were asked to share their ideas about the potential of animal nutrition to address current problems and future challenges.
Embracing a wide range of disciplines, including physiology, biochemistry, veterinary medicine and feed technology, this book covers every type of farm animal found in both developing and developed countries, including cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens, goats, horses, fish, deer, buffaloes, rabbits and camelids, as well as ducks, turkeys, ostriches and other birds. The encyclopedia contains approximately 2000 entries from 90 contributors. These entries range from short definitions to more discursive articles, all entries are fully cross-referenced to aid further research.
National Research Council (U.S.). Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources
Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources
Publisher: National Academies
Category: Nitrogen in animal nutrition
Mechanism of NPN utilization in the ruminant; Use of urea as a protein replacement for ruminants; Use of other NPN products for protein replacement; Feeding urea-containing diets to beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, and goats; Considerations on the use of NPN compounds by nonruminant species.
THE EXPANDING FIELD OF NUTRITION - AN INTRODUCTION. THE ANIMAL BODY AND ITS FOOD. SOME PHYSICAL BASES OF LIFE PROCESSES. THE CARBOHYDRATES AND THEIR METABOLISM. THE LIPIDS AND THEIR METABOLISM. THE PROTEINS AND THEIR METABOLISM. THE INORGANIC ELEMENTS AND THEIR METABILISM. THE VITAMINS. FEEDING EXPERIMENTS. NUTRITIONAL BALANCES. MEASURES OF TOTAL NUTRITIVE ENERGY. THE FASTING CATABOLISM. GROWTH. REPRODUCTION. LACTATION. WORK PRODUCTION.
Nutrition is a very broad discipline, encompassing biochemistry, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, microbiology and pathology. Presenting the major principles of nutrition of both domestic and wild animals, this book takes a comparative approach, recognising that there are considerable differences in nutrient digestion, metabolism and requirements among various mammalian and avian species. Explaining species differences in food selection, food-seeking and digestive strategies and their significance to nutritional needs, chapters cover a broad range of topics including digestive physiology, metabolic disorders and specific nutrients such as carbohydrates proteins and lipids, with particular attention being paid to nutritional and metabolic idiosyncrasies. It is an essential text for students of animal and veterinary sciences.
Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition is a detailed reference on enzymes covering detailed information on all relevant aspects fundamental for final use of enzymes in human and animal nutrition. Topics explored include selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes, effects of probiotics on enzymes in the digestive tract, potential new sources of enzymes, valorization of plant biomass by food and feed enzymes. Economics and intellectual property issues are also examined. Examines the role of enzymes in nutrition and in the production of food and animal feed so that food industry and academic researchers can understand applications of enzymes in the health of humans and animals Begins with a thorough overview of selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes Examines extremophile organisms as a potential new source of enzymes Includes discussion of analytics, economics and intellectual property to increase applicability of the rest of the book outside of the lab
This book contains the proceedings of the 41st University of Nottingham Feed Conference held in September 2007. Authors of all chapters are international experts in their fields and have provided comprehensive analyses of the issues together with practical applications. This book is essential reading for all involved in animal production science/practice, including researchers, consultants, animal science students, legislators and practitioners.
The book is useful to postgraduate students of Animal Sciences, teachers and scientists of animal nutrition discipline, personnel of feed industry involved in feed manufacturing and marketing, field veterinarians, animal husbandry extension workers and progressive animal farmers and animal lovers. Contents: Part I: Principles of Animal Nutrition (Including Avian Nutirition) / Part II: Evaluation of Feedstuffs and Feed Technology
Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition: 1991 is an annual review of the changes and updates in the field of animal nutrition, especially progresses in the study of feeds. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses topics related to pig nutrition and feeds such as energy-protein interactions and improved utilization of amino acids. Part II covers the nutrition and growth of poultry. Part III talks about the legislations concerned with feed manufacture, and Part IV deals with nutrition of different animals such as chicks and ruminants. The text is recommended for agriculturists, zoologists, and those involved in the development and manufacture of feeds who would like to know more about the nutrition of agriculturally important animals.