American Sanctuary

Mutiny, Martyrdom, and National Identity in the Age of Revolution

Author: A. Roger Ekirch

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 246

From “one of the most wide-ranging and imaginative historians in America today; there is no one else quite like him in the profession” (Gordon S. Wood)—a dazzling and original work of history. A. Roger Ekirch’s American Sanctuary begins in 1797 with the bloodiest mutiny ever suffered by the Royal Navy—on the British frigate HMS Hermione, four thousand miles from England’s shores, off the western coast of Puerto Rico. In the midst of the most storied epoch in British seafaring history, the mutiny struck at the very heart of military authority and at Britain’s hierarchical social order. Revolution was in the air: America had won its War of Independence, the French Revolution was still unfolding, and a ferocious rebellion loomed in Ireland, with countless dissidents already arrested. Most of the Hermione mutineers had scattered throughout the North Atlantic; one of them, Jonathan Robbins, had made his way to American shores, and the British were asking for his extradition. Robbins let it be known that he was an American citizen from Danbury, Connecticut, and that he had been impressed into service by the British. John Adams, the Federalist successor to Washington as president, in one of the most catastrophic blunders of his administration, sanctioned Robbins’s extradition, according to the terms of the Jay Treaty of 1794. Convicted of murder and piracy by a court-martial in Jamaica, Robbins was sentenced by the British to death, hauled up on the fore yardarm of the frigate Acasta, blindfolded with his hands tied behind his back, and hanged. Adams’s miscalculation ignited a political firestorm, only to be fanned by news of Robbins’s execution without his constitutional rights of due process and trial by jury. Thomas Jefferson, then vice president and leader of the emergent Republican Party, said, “No one circumstance since the establishment of our government has affected the popular mind more.” Congressional Republicans tried to censure Adams, and the Federalist majority, in a bitter blow to the president, were unable to muster a vote of confidence condoning Robbins’s surrender. American Sanctuary brilliantly lays out in full detail the story of how the Robbins affair and the presidential campaign of 1800 inflamed the new nation and set in motion a constitutional crisis, resulting in Adams’s defeat and Jefferson’s election as the third president of the United States. Ekirch writes that the aftershocks of Robbins’s martyrdom helped to shape the infant republic’s identity in the way Americans envisioned themselves. We see how the Hermione crisis led directly to the country’s historic decision to grant political asylum to refugees from foreign governments—a major achievement in fulfilling the resonant promise of American independence, as voiced by Tom Paine, to provide “an asylum for mankind

السيد

Author: بيار كورناي

Publisher: Al Manhal

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 117

View: 764

السيد هى مسرحية (تمثيلية) ملهاة مأساوية شعرية لبيير كورني حيث تم عرضها للمرة الأولى في 5 يناير 1637 على مسرح الماريه.

الإعلان الإسلامى

Author: على عزت بيجوفيتش

Publisher: ktab INC.

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 151

View: 455

يتناول ظاهرة التخلف بين الشعوب الإسلامية، وطبيعة المشروع أو النظام الإسلامى وأبعاده وعناصره، فيعرض لإشكاليات النظام الإسلامى وأن الإسلام ليس مجرد دين ، وعلاقة الإسلام بالمسيحية واليهودية ورأيه في الرأسمالية والاشتراكية.

Čistoća

Author: Jonathan Franzen

Publisher: V.B.Z. d.o.o. via PublishDrive

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 600

View: 772

Četrnaest godina nakon „Korekcija“ i pet godina nakon „Slobode“ Franzen je napisao još jedan velik roman, „najintimniji dosad, u kojem je svojem glasu dodao neke nove tonove“. The New York Times „Čistoća“, naslov novog romana Jonathana Franzena, ujedno je i značenje imena glavne junakinje (Purity) i koncept koji zadobiva mnoge oblike u romanu. Purity Pip Tyler živi kao skvoterica u Oaklandu, opterećena je studentskim kreditom, a jedina joj je obitelj majka. Odrasla gotovo u izolaciji, ne zna majčin pravi identitet ni tko joj je otac i boji se da nikad neće imati normalan život. Druženje s anarhistima iz Njemačke odvodi Pip u Južnu Ameriku gdje počinje raditi kao pripravnica u Sunčanom projektu, hakerskoj skupini sličnoj WikiLeaksu. Pip se nada da će tamo otkriti tajnu svoga podrijetla. Na čelu grupacije karizmatični je Andreas Wolf, koji je mladost proveo u Istočnoj Njemačkoj i proslavio se u vrijeme pada Berlinskoga zida. Premda mnogo stariji od nje, Wolf pokazuje naklonost prema Pip i između njih se razvija poseban i intenzivan odnos. Ova se priča grana u prošlost i sadašnjost, u sedam povezanih dijelova knjige koji su ispripovijedani kroz prizme različitih likova. Pri tom Franzen stvara svijet originalnih i nezaboravnih likova – novinari, leakeri, ljubavnici i supružnici, loši pisci, karijeristi, tragičari. Gotovo svaki lik u romanu traži “čistoću” u nekom obliku, a propitivanje istine i laži, čistog i zagađenog događa se na mnogim razinama njihove egzistencije i međusobnih odnosa. „Čistoća“ je zamršen, ali savršeno kontroliran roman o velikim temama (život u komunizmu i pad Istočnog bloka, ogoljavanje privatnosti u eri interneta, korupcijske afere u visokoj politici, toksičnost kulture opsjednute slavom). No ipak, u samom srcu romana pulsiraju puno intimniji problemi i teme: propali brakovi, slomljena prijateljstva, mučna djetinjstva, seksualne fantazije i perverzije, trenuci kad se suočavamo s vlastitim demonima, ludilom i kaosom. Svi likovi u romanu nose neku svoju tajnu, sram i krivnju, a sâm Franzen “Čistoću” je nazvao knjigom o našim modricama i povredama. Ovim romanom Franzen je još jedanput pokazao da je izuzetan pripovjedač koji proniče u bolne točke današnjice i naše egzistencije, snažno, duhovito i s profinjenom dozom ironije.

حزب الله

الدين والسياسة

Author: أمل سعد غريب

Publisher: Al Manhal

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 407

View: 831

موضوع هذا العمل هو حزب الله، الحزب السياسي الأكبر والأبرز في لبنان، وربما الحركة الإسلامية الأشهر في العالم، وقد ساءت سمعة الحزب بفعل تورطه المزعوم في اختطاف أكثر من ثمانين غربيّا طوال ثمانينيات القرن العشرين، بمن فيهم رهائن بارزون مثل موفد رئيس أساقفة كانتربري، تيري ويت، ويقع الكتاب في ثمانية فصول: (التكيف السياسي والعنف في الدول غير الإسلامية، الدولة الإسلامية والديمقراطية، مفهوم ولاية الفقيه، الشمولية الإسلامية والهوية الوطنية، الصراع مع الغرب، مقاومة الاحتلال الإسرائيلي، معاداة الصهيونية وإسرائيل، ومعاداة اليهودية).