Alternative Energy Sources is designed to give the reader, a clear view of the role each form of alternative energy may play in supplying the energy needs of the human society in the near future (20-50 years). The two first chapters on "energy demand and supply" and "environmental effects," set the tone as to why alternative energy is essential for the future. The third chapter gives the laws of energy conversion processes, as well as the limitations of converting one energy form to another. The section on exergy gives a quantitative background on the capability/potential of each energy source to produce power. The fourth, fifth and sixth chapters are expositions of fission and fusion nuclear energy, the power plants that may produce power from these sources and the issues that will frame the public debate on nuclear energy. The following five chapters include descriptions of the most common renewable energy sources (wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric) some of the less common sources (e.g. tidal and wave energy). The emphasis of these chapters will be on the global potential of each source, the engineering/technical systems that are used in harnessing the potential of each source, the technological developments that will contribute to wider utilization of the sources and environmental effects associated with their wider use. The last three chapters are: "energy storage," which will become an important issue if renewable energy sources are used widely. The fourteen chapters in the book have been chosen so that one may fit a semester University course around this book. At the end of every chapter, there are 10-20 problems and 1-3 suggestions of semester projects that may be assigned to students for further research.
Author: Dana Meachen Rau,National Geographic Learning
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Kids can make a difference, and these books will show them how! From fighting global warming to protecting wildlife, these books have all the information young environmentalists need to change the world.
An Introduction to Alternative & Renewable Energy Sources
Author: Mark E. Hazen
Category: Technology & Engineering
The world's energy needs are greater than ever before as populations increase and Asian countries awaken industrially and economically. The fact is, as the demand for oil-based energy is increasing, the world supply is decreasing. Now more than ever, the public must understand available energy alternatives. "Alternative Energy" introduces readers to energy sources that draw from such supplies as wind, sun, reservoirs, ocean tides, and ocean currents.
Alternative Energy systematically approaches various alternative sources of energy, discussing in layperson's terms the current state of public policy, energy technology and the political, economic, and social feasibility of the alternative energy paradigm. The goal is to help the less technically-minded become active participants in choosing the energy future for their community.
Modern society is built on energy. But reserves of conventional fuels such as oil and gas are running low, and their use is damaging human health and the environment. Can new, cleaner technologies satisfy growing demand for power in the future? In this fascinating guide, science writer Marek Walisiewicz maps out the economic, environmental, and political dimensions of the world's energy problems and examines how these issues are being addressed through technological innovation. Essential Science guides are edited by internationally renowned author, broadcaster, journalist, and research scientist John Gribbin. They mix lively illustrations and expert, jargon-free text to explain the important scientific topics of the day -- more clearly than ever before.
Everyday, the world produces carbon dioxide that is released into the Earth's atmosphere. This increase in carbon dioxide content is responsible for a rise in the temperature of our planet and contributes to what is known as "Global Warming". One answer to global warming is to replace and retrofit current technologies with alternative ones, which are of comparable or greater efficiency but do not release carbon dioxide. We call this Alternate energy. Climate change, population growth and fossil fuel depletion imply that renewables will need to play a bigger role in the future than they do today. According to British Petroleum and Royal Dutch Shell, two of the world's largest oil companies, onethird of the world's energy will need to corne from solar, wind, and other renewable resources by 2050. Alternative energy refers to energy sources that have no undesirable consequences such as those caused by fossil fuels or nuclear energy. Alternative energy sources are renewable and are thought to be «free». Compared to conventional energy sources, they all release less carbon. They include solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, fuel cell batteries and nuclear energy. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the main types of renewable energy. In addition, the text explains the underlying physical and technological principles of renewable energy and examines the environmental impact and future prospects of different energy sources. It includes over 350 detailed illustrations, more than fifty tables of data, and a wide range of case studies.
This volume provides an insightful overview of renewable and alternative energy technologies and policies in the United States and around the world. * A chronology of technological developments, events, and policies related to renewable and alternative energy * A glossary of renewable and alternative energy related concepts including Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), net metering, and stages of technology development
A balanced introduction to tomorrow's energy sources Over the course of the next fifty years, there will be a shift in the quest for sustainble energy, including a major change in transportation from internal combustion engines burning petroleum-derived fuels to newer technology engines using new transportation fuels. Alternative Energy Reources examines our options for energy sources with a focus on hydrogen as a large-scale, secondary energy vector parallel to electricity. As the price of petroleum products increases, the world is scrambling to find a suitable replacement energy source. In this comprehensive primer, Professor Paul Kruger examines energy use throughout history and the exponential expansion of our energy use beginning with the Industrial Revolution through the present day. The book then analyzes the various alternative energy sources available, including renewable energy (hydroelectric, solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal), nuclear, and hydrogen. He addresses each energy source's pros and cons based on our needs, availability, and environmental impact aspects. Finally, Dr. Kruger proposes the use of hydrogen as a fuel to sustain our energy supply produced by appropriate technology mixtures of renewable and nuclear energy.
Get the truth about alternative energy and make it part of your life Want to utilize cleaner, greener types of energy? This plain-English guide clearly explains the popular forms of alternative energy that you can use in your home, your car, and more. Separating myth from fact, this resource explores the current fossil fuel conundrum, the benefits of alternatives, and the energy of the future, such as hydrogen and fuel cell technology. The ABCs of alternative energy — what it is, how it works, and what the real costs are Where we are now — learn where our current energy comes from and how much longer it will last Take the first step — see how energy efficiency and conservation can reduce your reliance on fossil fuels Grasp the alternatives — from nuclear power to geothermal energy to wood burning, understand the benefits that alternative energy can have on the nation Apply alternative fuels to transportation — from biofuels to exotic propulsion to electricity, see how they are best used and how hybrid, all-electric, and fuel cell–powered vehicles work Get a peek into the future — see what the outlook holds for each form of alternative energy discussed Open the book and find: The pros and cons of alternative energy A review of the current world energy economy The problems with fossil fuels, from smog to global warming Advantages of alternative energy Practical results of alternatives you can use in daily life Guidelines for investing in alternative energy vehicles Ten ways you can bring about change right now Insight into the future of energy production — and how you can invest in it
Author: Mario Aparicio,Andrei Jitianu,Lisa C. Klein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Sol-Gel Processing for Conventional and Alternative Energy is a comprehensive source of information on the use of sol-gel processing in materials in energy systems, conversion, storage, and generation. The volume editors include numerous applications, primarily in nuclear fuel processing, electrolytes for fuel cells, and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). In addition to examining contemporary processing, properties, and industrial applications, "Sol-Gel Processing for Conventional and Alternative Energy" identifies materials challenges presented by conventional and alternative energy generation that require new materials and innovative processing. Each chapter is written by an internationally respected researcher. The book provides a state-of-the-art treatment of different aspects of materials for energy production, with a focus on processing, and covers related topics such as carbon sequestration, clean energy, and biofuels.
Free Energy from Solar, Wind, Hydropower, and Other Alternative Energy Sources
Author: David Craddock
Publisher: Atlantic Publishing Company
Category: House & Home
"Craddock, a journalist, outlines how to use alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydropower. He discusses their pros and cons, how they work and what makes them efficient, and areas where they need improvement. He also describes several case studies of their use, with instructions on how to build solar panels, battery chargers, and ovens, biogas generators, wind turbines, and other do-it-yourself projects."--Book News.
Presents an introduction to renewable energy resouces, discussing how they are being developed and utilized and covering such energy alternatives as biofuels, wind, solar, geothermal, nuclear, and hydroelectricity.
As the world population grows and places more demand on limited fossil fuels, renewable energy becomes more relevant as part of the solution to the impending energy dilemma. Renewable energy is now included in national policies, with goals for it to be a significant percentage of generated energy within the coming decades. A comprehensive overview, Introduction to Renewable Energy explores how we can use the sun, wind, biomass, geothermal resources, and water to generate more sustainable energy. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, the book integrates economic, social, environmental, policy, and engineering issues related to renewable energy. It explains the fundamentals of energy, including the transfer of energy, as well as the limitations of natural resources. Starting with solar power, the text illustrates how energy from the sun is transferred and stored; used for heating, cooling, and lighting; collected and concentrated; and converted into electricity. A chapter describes residential power usage—including underground and off-grid homes—and houses that are designed to use energy more efficiently or to be completely self-sufficient. Other chapters cover wind power; bioenergy, including biofuel; and geothermal heat pumps; as well as hydro, tidal, and ocean energy. Describing storage as a billion-dollar idea, the book discusses the challenges of storing energy and gives an overview of technologies from flywheels to batteries. It also examines institutional issues such as environmental regulations, incentives, infrastructure, and social costs and benefits. Emphasizing the concept of life-cycle cost, the book analyzes the costs associated with different sources of energy. With recommendations for further reading, formulas, case studies, and extensive use of figures and diagrams, this textbook is suitable for undergraduates in Renewable Energy courses as well as for non-specialists seeking an introduction to renewable energy. Pedagogical Features: End-of-chapter problems Numerous case studies More than 150 figures and illustrations A solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoption
With energy sustainability and security at the forefront of public discourse worldwide, there is a pressing need to foster an understanding of clean, safe alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power. Aldo da Rosa’s highly respected and comprehensive resource fulfills this need; it has provided thousands of engineers, scientists, students and professionals alike with a thorough grounding in the scientific principles underlying the complex world of renewable energy technologies. This new third edition of the classic text highlights advances in this vital area, which are proceeding at an unprecedented pace, allowing everyone interested in this burgeoning field to keep up with the latest developments in diverse topics from solar cooling to renewable energy storage. Illuminates the basic principles behind all key renewable power sources- solar, wind, biomass, hydropower & fuel cells Connects scientific theory with practical implementation through physical examples; end-of-chapter questions help readers apply their knowledge Written by one of the world’s foremost experts in renewable energy, drawing from his decades of experience in academia and industry NEW TO THIS EDITION: -All new chapter on pivotal renewable energy storage technologies -Now includes discussion of power grid and transmission issues -Expanded coverage of Hydropower and advances in PV cells -New and improved figures and additional end-of-chapter problems
The increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the decrease of the available amount of fossil fuels necessitate finding new alternative and sustainable energy sources in the near future. This book summarizes the role and the possibilities of catalysis in the production of new energy carriers and in the utilization of different energy sources. The main goal of this work is to go beyond those results discussed in recent literature by identifying new developments that may lead to breakthroughs in the production of alternative energy. The book discusses the use of biomass or biomass derived materials as energy sources, hydrogen formation in methanol and ethanol reforming, biodiesel production, and the utilization of biogases. Separate sections also deal with fuel cells, photocatalysis, and solar cells, which are all promising processes for energy production that depend heavily on catalysts.