Advanced Topics in Relation Algebras

Relation Algebras

Author: Steven Givant

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319659456

Category: Mathematics

Page: 605

View: 1122

The second volume of a pair that charts relation algebras from novice to expert level, this text brings the well-grounded reader to the frontiers of research. Building on the foundations established in the preceding Introduction to Relation Algebras, this volume advances the reader into the deeper mathematical results of the past few decades. Such material offers an ideal preparation for research in relation algebras and Boolean algebras with operators. Arranged in a modular fashion, this text offers the opportunity to explore any of several areas in detail; topics include canonical extensions, completions, representations, varieties, and atom structures. Each chapter offers a complete account of one such avenue of development, including a historical section and substantial number of exercises. The clarity of exposition and comprehensive nature of each module make this an ideal text for the independent reader entering the field, while researchers will value it as a reference for years to come. Collecting, curating, and illuminating over 75 years of progress since Tarski's seminal work in 1941, this textbook in two volumes offers a landmark, unified treatment of the increasingly relevant field of relation algebras. Clear and insightful prose guides the reader through material previously only available in scattered, highly-technical journal articles. Students and experts alike will appreciate the work as both a textbook and invaluable reference for the community. Note that this volume contains numerous, essential references to the previous volume, Introduction to Relation Algebras. The reader is strongly encouraged to secure at least electronic access to the first book in order to make use of the second.

Introduction to Relation Algebras

Relation Algebras

Author: Steven Givant

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319652354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

View: 9233

The first volume of a pair that charts relation algebras from novice to expert level, this text offers a comprehensive grounding for readers new to the topic. Upon completing this introduction, mathematics students may delve into areas of active research by progressing to the second volume, Advanced Topics in Relation Algebras; computer scientists, philosophers, and beyond will be equipped to apply these tools in their own field. The careful presentation establishes first the arithmetic of relation algebras, providing ample motivation and examples, then proceeds primarily on the basis of algebraic constructions: subalgebras, homomorphisms, quotient algebras, and direct products. Each chapter ends with a historical section and a substantial number of exercises. The only formal prerequisite is a background in abstract algebra and some mathematical maturity, though the reader will also benefit from familiarity with Boolean algebra and naïve set theory. The measured pace and outstanding clarity are particularly suited to independent study, and provide an unparalleled opportunity to learn from one of the leading authorities in the field. Collecting, curating, and illuminating over 75 years of progress since Tarski's seminal work in 1941, this textbook in two volumes offers a landmark, unified treatment of the increasingly relevant field of relation algebras. Clear and insightful prose guides the reader through material previously only available in scattered, highly-technical journal articles. Students and experts alike will appreciate the work as both a textbook and invaluable reference for the community.

Elements of the Representation Theory of Associative Algebras: Volume 1

Techniques of Representation Theory

Author: Ibrahim Assem,Andrzej Skowronski,Daniel Simson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139443186

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 3118

This first part of a two-volume set offers a modern account of the representation theory of finite dimensional associative algebras over an algebraically closed field. The authors present this topic from the perspective of linear representations of finite-oriented graphs (quivers) and homological algebra. The self-contained treatment constitutes an elementary, up-to-date introduction to the subject using, on the one hand, quiver-theoretical techniques and, on the other, tilting theory and integral quadratic forms. Key features include many illustrative examples, plus a large number of end-of-chapter exercises. The detailed proofs make this work suitable both for courses and seminars, and for self-study. The volume will be of great interest to graduate students beginning research in the representation theory of algebras and to mathematicians from other fields.

Introduction to Boolean Algebras

Author: Steven Givant,Paul Halmos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387684360

Category: Mathematics

Page: 574

View: 1495

This book is an informal though systematic series of lectures on Boolean algebras. It contains background chapters on topology and continuous functions and includes hundreds of exercises as well as a solutions manual.

Relative Homological Algebra

Author: Edgar E. Enochs,Overtoun M. G. Jenda

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110803666

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 5378

Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Bruce Cooperstein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439829691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 1066

Advanced Linear Algebra focuses on vector spaces and the maps between them that preserve their structure (linear transformations). It starts with familiar concepts and then slowly builds to deeper results. Along with including many exercises and examples, each section reviews what students need to know before studying the material. The book first introduces vector spaces over fields as well as the fundamental concepts of linear combinations, span of vectors, linear independence, basis, and dimension. After covering linear transformations, it discusses the algebra of polynomials with coefficients in a field, concentrating on results that are consequences of the division algorithm. The author then develops the whole structure theory of a linear operator on a finite dimensional vector space from a collection of some simple results. He also explores the entire range of topics associated with inner product spaces, from the Gram–Schmidt process to the spectral theorems for normal and self-adjoint operators on an inner product space. The text goes on to rigorously describe the trace and determinant of linear operators and square matrices. The final two chapters focus on bilinear forms and tensor products and related material. Designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, this textbook shows students the beauty of linear algebra. It also prepares them for further study in mathematics.

Introduction to Octonion and Other Non-Associative Algebras in Physics

Author: Susumo Okubo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521472159

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 3209

In this book, the author applies non-associative algebras to physics. Okubo covers topics ranging from algebras of observables in quantum mechanics and angular momentum and octonions to division algebra, triple-linear products and YangSHBaxter equations. He also discusses the non-associative gauge theoretic reformulation of Einstein's general relativity theory. Much of the material found in this volume is not available in other works. The book will therefore be of great interest to graduate students and research scientists in physics and mathematics.

A Graduate Course in Algebra

(In 2 Volumes)

Author: Ioannis Farmakis,Martin Moskowitz

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813142650


Page: 456

View: 2588

This comprehensive two-volume book deals with algebra, broadly conceived. Volume 1 (Chapters 1–6) comprises material for a first year graduate course in algebra, offering the instructor a number of options in designing such a course. Volume 1, provides as well all essential material that students need to prepare for the qualifying exam in algebra at most American and European universities. Volume 2 (Chapters 7–13) forms the basis for a second year graduate course in topics in algebra. As the table of contents shows, that volume provides ample material accommodating a variety of topics that may be included in a second year course. To facilitate matters for the reader, there is a chart showing the interdependence of the chapters.

Advanced Algebra

Author: Anthony W. Knapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817646132

Category: Mathematics

Page: 730

View: 4486

Basic Algebra and Advanced Algebra systematically develop concepts and tools in algebra that are vital to every mathematician, whether pure or applied, aspiring or established. Advanced Algebra includes chapters on modern algebra which treat various topics in commutative and noncommutative algebra and provide introductions to the theory of associative algebras, homological algebras, algebraic number theory, and algebraic geometry. Many examples and hundreds of problems are included, along with hints or complete solutions for most of the problems. Together the two books give the reader a global view of algebra and its role in mathematics as a whole.

Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves

Author: Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208513

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 376

In the introduction to the first volume of The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves (Springer-Verlag, 1986), I observed that "the theory of elliptic curves is rich, varied, and amazingly vast," and as a consequence, "many important topics had to be omitted." I included a brief introduction to ten additional topics as an appendix to the first volume, with the tacit understanding that eventually there might be a second volume containing the details. You are now holding that second volume. it turned out that even those ten topics would not fit Unfortunately, into a single book, so I was forced to make some choices. The following material is covered in this book: I. Elliptic and modular functions for the full modular group. II. Elliptic curves with complex multiplication. III. Elliptic surfaces and specialization theorems. IV. Neron models, Kodaira-Neron classification of special fibers, Tate's algorithm, and Ogg's conductor-discriminant formula. V. Tate's theory of q-curves over p-adic fields. VI. Neron's theory of canonical local height functions.

Advanced Modern Algebra: Third Edition, Part 2

Author: Joseph J. Rotman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470423111

Category: Algebra

Page: 558

View: 7762

This book is the second part of the new edition of Advanced Modern Algebra (the first part published as Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 165). Compared to the previous edition, the material has been significantly reorganized and many sections have been rewritten. The book presents many topics mentioned in the first part in greater depth and in more detail. The five chapters of the book are devoted to group theory, representation theory, homological algebra, categories, and commutative algebra, respectively. The book can be used as a text for a second abstract algebra graduate course, as a source of additional material to a first abstract algebra graduate course, or for self-study.

A Concise Text on Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Yisong Yang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107087511

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 7019

This engaging, well-motivated textbook helps advanced undergraduate students to grasp core concepts and reveals applications in mathematics and beyond.

Simple Relation Algebras

Author: Steven Givant,Hajnal Andréka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319676962

Category: Mathematics

Page: 622

View: 892

This monograph details several different methods for constructing simple relation algebras, many of which are new with this book. By drawing these seemingly different methods together, all are shown to be aspects of one general approach, for which several applications are given. These tools for constructing and analyzing relation algebras are of particular interest to mathematicians working in logic, algebraic logic, or universal algebra, but will also appeal to philosophers and theoretical computer scientists working in fields that use mathematics. The book is written with a broad audience in mind and features a careful, pedagogical approach; an appendix contains the requisite background material in relation algebras. Over 400 exercises provide ample opportunities to engage with the material, making this a monograph equally appropriate for use in a special topics course or for independent study. Readers interested in pursuing an extended background study of relation algebras will find a comprehensive treatment in author Steven Givant’s textbook, Introduction to Relation Algebras (Springer, 2017).

A Course in Algebra

Author: Ėrnest Borisovich Vinberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821833189

Category: Mathematics

Page: 511

View: 3078

This is a comprehensive textbook on modern algebra written by an internationally renowned specialist. It covers material traditionally found in advanced undergraduate and basic graduate courses and presents it in a lucid style. The author includes almost no technically difficult proofs, and reflecting his point of view on mathematics, he tries wherever possible to replace calculations and difficult deductions with conceptual proofs and to associate geometric images to algebraic objects.The effort spent on the part of students in absorbing these ideas will pay off when they turn to solving problems outside of this textbook. Another important feature is the presentation of most topics on several levels, allowing students to move smoothly from initial acquaintance with the subject to thorough study and a deeper understanding. Basic topics are included, such as algebraic structures, linear algebra, polynomials, and groups, as well as more advanced topics, such as affine and projective spaces, tensor algebra, Galois theory, Lie groups, and associative algebras and their representations. Some applications of linear algebra and group theory to physics are discussed. The book is written with extreme care and contains over 200 exercises and 70 figures. It is ideal as a textbook and also suitable for independent study for advanced undergraduates and graduate students.

Challenging Problems in Algebra

Author: Alfred S. Posamentier,Charles T. Salkind

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131548

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1566

Over 300 unusual problems, ranging from easy to difficult, involving equations and inequalities, Diophantine equations, number theory, quadratic equations, logarithms, more. Detailed solutions, as well as brief answers, for all problems are provided.

Algebra and Trigonometry

Author: Harley Flanders,Justin J. Price

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483271048

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 2260

Algebra and Trigonometry presents the essentials of algebra and trigonometry with some applications. The emphasis is on practical skills, problem solving, and computational techniques. Topics covered range from equations and inequalities to functions and graphs, polynomial and rational functions, and exponentials and logarithms. Trigonometric functions and complex numbers are also considered. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the fundamentals of algebra, each topic explained, illustrated, and accompanied by an ample set of exercises. The proper use of algebraic notation and practical manipulative skills such as factoring, using exponents and radicals, and simplifying rational expressions is highlighted, along with the most common mistakes in algebra. The reader is then introduced to the solution of linear, quadratic, and other types of equations and systems of equations, as well as the solution of inequalities. Subsequent chapters deal with the most basic functions: polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithm, and trigonometric. Trigonometry and the inverse trigonometric functions and identities are also presented. The book concludes with a review of progressions, permutations, combinations, and the binomial theorem. This monograph will be a useful resource for undergraduate students of mathematics and algebra.

(Sample) Algebra Vol 1 for Boards/ JEE Main/ Advanced/ Olympiads/ KVPY

Author: Gajendra Kumar

Publisher: Disha Publications



Page: N.A

View: 6038

Algebra Vol 1 for Boards/ JEE Main/ Advanced/ Olympiads/ KVPY is a unique book as it starts from the scratch and goes up to Olympiad level. The salient features are: Each of the chapters can be divided into 2 parts - JEE Main Comprehensive theory with numerous Illustrations followed by 2 level of exercises & JEE Advanced Theory with Illustrations followed by 3 level of exercises. • Concept Applicator (CA) In chapter exercise in Part A • Concept Builder (CB) Post chapter exercise containing easy questions in Part A • Concept Cracker (CC) Post chapter exercise containing past exam questions & difficult questions for JEE Main • Concept Deviator (CD) - contains all variety of JEE Advanced problems • Concept Eliminator (CE) - Olympiad level difficult problems The book also contains questions from the past years IIT JEE/ AIEEE questions. Each and every question is given with detailed solution.

Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Nicholas Loehr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466559012

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 2698

Designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in linear or abstract algebra, Advanced Linear Algebra covers theoretical aspects of the subject, along with examples, computations, and proofs. It explores a variety of advanced topics in linear algebra that highlight the rich interconnections of the subject to geometry, algebra, analysis, combinatorics, numerical computation, and many other areas of mathematics. The book’s 20 chapters are grouped into six main areas: algebraic structures, matrices, structured matrices, geometric aspects of linear algebra, modules, and multilinear algebra. The level of abstraction gradually increases as students proceed through the text, moving from matrices to vector spaces to modules. Each chapter consists of a mathematical vignette devoted to the development of one specific topic. Some chapters look at introductory material from a sophisticated or abstract viewpoint while others provide elementary expositions of more theoretical concepts. Several chapters offer unusual perspectives or novel treatments of standard results. Unlike similar advanced mathematical texts, this one minimizes the dependence of each chapter on material found in previous chapters so that students may immediately turn to the relevant chapter without first wading through pages of earlier material to access the necessary algebraic background and theorems. Chapter summaries contain a structured list of the principal definitions and results. End-of-chapter exercises aid students in digesting the material. Students are encouraged to use a computer algebra system to help solve computationally intensive exercises.

Classic algebra

Author: Paul Moritz Cohn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471877318

Category: Mathematics

Page: 428

View: 3548

Fundamental to all areas of mathematics, algebra provides the cornerstone for the student's development. The concepts are often intuitive, but some can take years of study to absorb fully. For over twenty years, the author's classic three-volume set, Algebra, has been regarded by many as the most outstanding introductory work available. This work, Classic Algebra, combines a fully updated Volume 1 with the essential topics from Volumes 2 and 3, and provides a self-contained introduction to the subject. In addition to the basic concepts, advanced material is introduced, giving the reader an insight into more advanced algebraic topics. The clear presentation style gives this book the edge over others on the subject. Undergraduates studying first courses in algebra will benefit from the clear exposition and perfect balance of theory, examples and exercises. The book provides a good basis for those studying more advanced algebra courses. Complete and rigorous coverage of the important basic concepts Topics covered include sets, mappings, groups, matrices, vector spaces, fields, rings and modules Written in a lucid style, with each concept carefully explained Introduces more advanced topics and suggestions for further reading Contains over 800 exercises, including many solutions "There is no better textbook on algebra than the volumes by Cohn." - Walter Benz, Universit?t Hamburg, Germany

Advanced Topics in Bisimulation and Coinduction

Author: Davide Sangiorgi,Jan Rutten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139502905

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 5567

Coinduction is a method for specifying and reasoning about infinite data types and automata with infinite behaviour. In recent years, it has come to play an ever more important role in the theory of computing. It is studied in many disciplines, including process theory and concurrency, modal logic and automata theory. Typically, coinductive proofs demonstrate the equivalence of two objects by constructing a suitable bisimulation relation between them. This collection of surveys is aimed at both researchers and Master's students in computer science and mathematics and deals with various aspects of bisimulation and coinduction, with an emphasis on process theory. Seven chapters cover the following topics: history, algebra and coalgebra, algorithmics, logic, higher-order languages, enhancements of the bisimulation proof method, and probabilities. Exercises are also included to help the reader master new material.