This book examines how legislators have juggled their passions over abortion with standard congressional procedures, looking at how both external factors (such as public opinion) and internal factors (such as the ideological composition of committees and party systems) shape the development of abortion policy. Driven by both theoretical and empirical concerns, Scott H. Ainsworth and Thad E. Hall present a simple, formal model of strategic incrementalism, illustrating that legislators often have incentives to alter policy incrementally. They then examine the sponsorship of abortion-related proposals as well as their committee referral and find that a wide range of Democratic and Republican legislators repeatedly offer abortion-related proposals designed to alter abortion policy incrementally. Abortion Politics in Congress reveals that abortion debates have permeated a wide range of issues and that a wide range of legislators and a large number of committees address abortion.
How do issues end up on the agenda? Why do lawmakers routinely invest in program oversight and broad policy development? What considerations drive legislative policy change? For many, Congress is an institution consumed by partisan bickering and gridlock. Yet the institution's long history of addressing significant societal problems - even in recent years - seems to contradict this view. Congress and the Politics of Problem Solving argues that the willingness of many voters to hold elected officials accountable for societal conditions is central to appreciating why Congress responds to problems despite the many reasons mustered for why it cannot. The authors show that, across decades of policy making, problem-solving motivations explain why bipartisanship is a common pattern of congressional behavior and offer the best explanation for legislative issue attention and policy change.
This all-encompassing encyclopedia provides a broad perspective on U.S. politics, culture, and society, but also goes beyond the facts to consider the myths, ideals, and values that help shape and define the nation. • Offers approximately 225 entries covering U.S. politics, culture, society, and beliefs • Includes an introductory overview of the forces that have shaped and continue to shape American political culture and a concluding essay that gathers key thematic threads and looks toward the future • Covers the myriad ways in which American political culture influences other aspects of American society • Examines how cultural symbols and beliefs are manipulated to advance political interests and establish government authority • Connects new issues such as social media and sexual politics with the political culture
Allan J. Cigler,Burdett A. Loomis,Anthony J. Nownes
Author: Allan J. Cigler,Burdett A. Loomis,Anthony J. Nownes
Publisher: CQ Press
Category: Political Science
With its broad spectrum of scholarship on interest groups past and present, Interest Group Politics brings together noted political scientists to provide comprehensive coverage and cutting-edge research on the role and impact of interest groups in U.S. politics, all geared to an undergraduate audience. In the wake of the Citizens United decision and the growth of lobbying into a multi-billion dollar industry, this trusted classic provides students with a guide to the influence and reach of interest groups. The Ninth Edition offers 15 new contributions on a variety of topics including organized labor, the LGBT movement, religious lobbying, the Tea Party, the tobacco industry, the role of “dark money” in campaign funding, the profession of lobbying, and advocacy and inequality. Each chapter is written by an expert in the field and carefully edited for clarity and cohesion by the editors Allan J Cigler, Burdett A. Loomis, and Anthony J. Nownes.
Author: Kenneth Godwin,Scott H. Ainsworth,Erik Godwin
Category: Political Science
Built on interviews with over 100 lobbyists, Kenneth Godwin, Scott Ainsworth, and Erik Godwin show that much of the research on organized interests overlooks the lobbying of regulatory agencies even though it accounts for almost half of all lobbying—even though bureaucratic agencies have considerable leeway in the how they choose to implement law. This groundbreaking new book argues that lobbying activity is not mainly a struggle among competing interests over highly collective goods; rather, it's the public provision of private goods. Through a series of highly readable case studies, the authors employ both neopluralist and exchange perspectives to explore the lobbying activity that occurs in the later stages of the policymaking process which are typically less partisan, involve little conflict, and receive scant public attention. Lobbying and Policymaking: The Public Pursuit of Primvate Interests is an ideal way to expose students to cutting-edge research in an accessible, fascinating package.
Author: Frank R. Baumgartner,Jeffrey M. Berry,Marie Hojnacki,Beth L. Leech,David C. Kimball
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Political Science
During the 2008 election season, politicians from both sides of the aisle promised to rid government of lobbyists’ undue influence. For the authors of Lobbying and Policy Change, the most extensive study ever done on the topic, these promises ring hollow—not because politicians fail to keep them but because lobbies are far less influential than political rhetoric suggests. Based on a comprehensive examination of ninety-eight issues, this volume demonstrates that sixty percent of recent lobbying campaigns failed to change policy despite millions of dollars spent trying. Why? The authors find that resources explain less than five percent of the difference between successful and unsuccessful efforts. Moreover, they show, these attempts must overcome an entrenched Washington system with a tremendous bias in favor of the status quo. Though elected officials and existing policies carry more weight, lobbies have an impact too, and when advocates for a given issue finally succeed, policy tends to change significantly. The authors argue, however, that the lobbying community so strongly reflects elite interests that it will not fundamentally alter the balance of power unless its makeup shifts dramatically in favor of average Americans’ concerns.
No other resource examines the complex interconnections between politics and religion with the depth and scope of this critically acclaimed work. Now available in a revised and updated second edition, Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion is the only reference work that addresses the intersection of these two powerful forces as it plays out in our world today. The content of the second edition has been significantly revised and updated, and includes nearly 50 new articles on subjects including European Islam, Creationism and Evolution, Palestine, Radical Islam, the Christian Right, and more. The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion features: Approximately 300 signed articles that trace the historical roots of the relations between politics and religion in the modern world and consider how these two elemental institutions of society have combined to shape public discourse, affect social attitudes, spark and sustain collective action, and influence policy, especially over the past two centuries Compelling essays written at the general encyclopedia level by recognized world experts representing a multitude of voices and perspectives Coverage of all the significant and emerging individuals, institutions, countries, regions, and events--as well as such cross-cultural themes as pluralism, cults, and the relationship of church and state Focus on the past 200 years with explorations of how politics and religion interact in various cultures around the globe Comprehensive reference aids, including a unique appendix of documents relating to politics and religion, a helpful glossary of important terms, and a complete index in the back of each volume Engaging maps, photographs, and illustrations Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion features a unique international scope and reliable, in-depth articles that will serve researchers in virtually any library. Scholars, students, religious leaders, policy makers, and general readers will all benefit from this important reference resource on some of the most pressing social issues of our time.
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area
»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.
Congressional Quarterly's renowned series, Congress and the Nation, is the most authoritative reference source on the actions of the U.S. Congress, providing a trusted, comprehensive, and accessible way to track legislation, debates, politics, and elections of the national government for more than three decades. Now the tenth edition continues that tradition by chronicling the events in Congress and the presidency during the second term of Bill Clinton, from his second inauguration in 1997 until leaving office in January 2001. In this new edition, readers and researchers will find: -- A survey of the politics of the period characterized by intensified partisan warfare between Clinton and the Republican Congress. -- A full description of the attempt by the GOP to impeach and remove Clinton from office that was fueled by the partisan rancor of the times. -- The remarkable agreement, in spite of the partisanship, between Clinton and his adversaries over federal spending that put the government on the road to ending chronic and massive budget deficits. -- The emerging U.S. foreign policy that sought to end the interminable ethnic fighting and civilian casualties in the Balkans. -- Continuing, and in the end fruitless, debate over the American health care system and its future. -- Details of Clinton's electoral strengths and the congressional GOP's unexpected electoral defeats. -- The disintegration of the career of House Speaker Newt Gingrich, who only a few years earlier had led his party out of electoral wilderness to capture a GOP majority for the first time in four decades. -- The unprecedented 2000 national elections in which the outcome, sending RepublicanGeorge W. Bush to the White House, was decided in the end only by a hugely controversial Supreme Court decision. As with all previous volumes, CQ editors have condensed major legislative, presidential, and political coverage into a neatly woven story of the times, giving readers both an overview of the four-year period and detailed chronologies of congressional action in substantive areas. In addition to the overall picture, this volume continues its traditional features, to include: -- Key votes cast by senators and representatives during the 105th and 106th congressional sessions -- A generous selection of presidential speeches and other texts -- An examination of controversial nominations to important government jobs that were made during the period -- A list of individuals who served in Congress during the period, and the leading Cabinet figures of Clinton's administration -- Detailed tables, election charts, and other appendices to aid fact-finding -- A detailed index and extensive cross-referencing in many articles.