Die Übertragung von Land setzt juristische Strukturen von hoher Abstraktion voraus. Der rechtsvergleichende Blick dieser Beiträge einer internationalen Tagung in Bonn zeigt die erheblichen Unterschiede. Spezialisten dieser Materie können Juristen sein, sind es jedoch nicht überall. Register für Grundstücke sind zwar seit der Antike bekannt, wurden aber bis zur Gegenwart nicht überall umgesetzt. Sogar die Erwartungen an ein Register unterscheiden sich: In Österreich wird es als Mittel umfassender staatlicher Kontrolle und Rechtsgewährleistung geschätzt, in England dagegen als Mittel angesehen, Einmischungen des Staates auszuschließen. Durch solche kulturellen Unterschiede fällt sogar der Zugang zu den Registern ganz verschieden aus: Estland überrascht mit einem umfassenden Zugang via Internet, so dass sich jeder über die finanziellen Verhältnisse anderer informieren kann. Der Überblick über die Regelungen in verschiedenen, meist europäischen Staaten führt zur Einsicht, wie wenig Einheitlichkeit selbst in den Grundlagen gegeben ist. Es herrschen meist unangefochten alte, heterogene Traditionen, die eine Fülle von funktionierenden Modellen liefern. Mit Beiträgen von Mathias Schmoeckel, Geschäftsführender Director des Rheinischen Instituts für Notarrecht | Vincent Nossek, Rheinisches Institut für Notarrecht, Universität Bonn | Dirk Heirbaut, Institut für Rechtsgeschichte, Universität Gent | Peter Sparkes, Professur Property Law, Universität Southamton | Mark Jordan, Universität Southampton | Arzu Oguz, Abteilung Rechtsvergleichung, Universität Ankara | Gerald Kohl, Institut für Rechts- und Verfassungsgeschichte, Universität Wien | Laurent Pfister, Institut für Rechtsgeschichte, Panthéon-Assas Universität Paris | Heikki Pihlajamäki, Institut für vergleichende Rechtsgeschichte, Universität Helsinki | Marju Luts-Sootak, Institut für vergleichende Rechtsgeschichte, Universität Tartu | Priit Kama, Justizministerium, Tallinn | Federico Roggero, Institut für mittelalterliche und moderne Rechtsgeschichte, Universität Teramo
Guido Braun,Gabriele B. Clemens,Lutz Klinkhammer,Alexander Koller
Author: Guido Braun,Gabriele B. Clemens,Lutz Klinkhammer,Alexander Koller
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Im Zuge der französischen Expansion um 1800 wurden große Gebiete als Départements dem Empire angegliedert. Nach und nach wurden diese für eine ganz unterschiedliche Dauer vom Reformwerk der Französischen Revolution erfasst: Privilegien von Kirche und Adel wurden abgeschafft und die Wirtschaftsordnung liberalisiert. Die Bürger sollten rechtlich gleichgestellt werden. Die napoleonische Herrschaft wies jedoch beträchtliche Phasenverschiebungen auf, die von den militärischen und politischen Ereignissen geprägt waren. Hinzu kamen Unterschiede, die auf den geographischen und politischen Stellenwert der jeweiligen Region im napoleonischen Herrschaftsentwurf zurückzuführen sind. Der vorliegende Band möchte den Charakter der napoleonischen Herrschaft im Spannungsfeld von Eroberungs- und Integrationspolitik neu bestimmen unter Berücksichtigung zentraler Aspekte: Raum und Politik; Gesellschaft und Krieg; Wirtschaft und Umwelt; Repräsentation und Nachleben. Das geographische Spektrum der Beiträge reicht vom Rheinland über die Schweiz, Piemont, Ligurien und Rom bis nach Süditalien.
Stories of pageantry associated with kings, queens, and the upper class have long captivated readers of all ages. The reality behind how these entities have operated within set governmental systems has not always been as glamorous as these tales, but it retains an allure of its own nonetheless. This book provides a firm grounding in the historic political, social, and economic implications of rule by monarchy, including the prevalence of the feudal system in medieval Europe. Modern monarchies and the role of the aristocracy in every age are also detailed.
This book, first published in 1983, examines in depth the nature and sources of class radicalism in France and Britain and takes issue with some of the major theories of class consciousness and class action. Drawing on data both from detailed case studies and from wider national surveys, it shows that the conflict of class interests within capitalist societies can lead to sharply diverging attitudes to class inequality. It argues that the explanation of such differences cannot be found in some 'general' law of the evolution of social conflict in capitalist society. It must be sought in the profound institutional differences that exist between the two societies. In particular the study argues for a reassessment of the importance of the experience of war and of the way in which the business and political elite handled the social crises generated by war, in accounting for the long-term structural divergence of capitalist societies.
"Abolition of the feudal system is the most important single change to have occurred in land law in Scotland. Part 4 of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure (Sc) Act 2000, which deals with saving feudal burdens, came into force at the end of 2003, and the Act will be fully in force in November 2004. Practitioners need to grapple with the complex legislative provisions reforming Scottish property law and this book will be an essential aid. Professor Reid, the leading expert in this field, provides a clear and comprehensive guide to the implications of the abolition of the feudal system. His approach is highly practical throughout. Key sections of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc (Sc) Act 2000, as amended by the Title Conditions (Sc) Act 2003, and completed examples of forms prescribed by the Act are reproduced in the Appendices."
This Book Covers The History Of Japan From The Very Beginning To 2002 A.D. During 19Th Century Japan Became The Most Advanced And Powerful Nation Of Asia And Raised The Slogan, Asia For Asians . Japan Tried To Extend Her Empire To Other Places Of Asia Like China, Korea, Etc. This Annoyed Western Powers And Usa, And Therefore, They Became The Worst Enemies Of Japan. In The Second World War, Japan Fought Against Britain, France And Usa In Alliance With Germany And Italy But Did Not Attack Ussr. After The Defeat Of Italy And Germany, Usa Forced Japan To Surrender By Using Its Atomic Power And In The Wake Of An Attack Of Russia On Japan. In Spite Of The Defeat, Japan Made Astonishing Progress And Has Become One Of The Most Advanced And The Richest Countries Of The World. Japan Has Made Wonderful Progress By Peaceful Means And Hardwork; The Study Of Progress Of Japan Is, Therefore, Useful For Indian Students And Indian People.It Is Hoped That The Book Will Prove Useful To Students As Well As To The Common Readers.
This book, first published in 1990, examines Italy’s economic history from its Unification in 1850 to the end of the First World War. Particular attention is paid to the extent to which Italy exhibits the features of Kaznets’s model of ‘modern economic growth’. An Economic History of Liberal Italy begins with a quantitative assessment of Italy’s long-term growth in this period. All of the main relevant variables – including production, consumption, investment, foreign trade, government spending, and welfare – are discussed. The book proceeds through a chronological account of the developments of the economy during this period, and concludes with a critical survey of the relevant historiography. Throughout the book emphasis is given to structural changes, to developments in the main industries, to the relations between different sectors of the economy, and to economic policies. This book is ideal for those studying economics of Italian history.
The Italian-American mafia has its roots in a mysterious and powerful criminal network in Sicily. While the mythology of the mafia has been widely celebrated in American culture, the true origins of its rituals, laws, and methods have never actually been revealed. John Dickie uses startling new research to expose the secrets of the Sicilian mafia, providing a fascinating account that is more violent, frightening, and darkly comic than anything conceived in popular movies and novels. How did the Sicilian mafia begin? How did it achieve its powerful grip in Italy and America? How does it operate today? From the mafia's origins in the 1860s to its current tense relationship with the Berlusconi government, Cosa Nostra takes us to the inner sanctum where few have dared to go before. This is an important work of history and a revelation for anyone who ever wondered what it means to be "made" in the mob.
The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution brings together a sweeping range of expert and innovative contributions to offer engaging and thought-provoking insights into the history and historiography of this epochal event. Each chapter presents the foremost summations of academic thinking on key topics, along with stimulating and provocative interpretations and suggestions for future research directions. Placing core dimensions of the history of the French Revolution in their transnational and global contexts, the contributors demonstrate that revolutionary times demand close analysis of sometimes tiny groups of key political actors - whether the king and his ministers or the besieged leaders of the Jacobin republic - and attention to the deeply local politics of both rural and urban populations. Identities of class, gender and ethnicity are interrogated, but so too are conceptions and practices linked to citizenship, community, order, security, and freedom: each in their way just as central to revolutionary experiences, and equally amenable to critical analysis and reflection. This volume covers the structural and political contexts that build up to give new views on the classic question of the 'origins of revolution'; the different dimensions of personal and social experience that illuminate the political moment of 1789 itself; the goals and dilemmas of the period of constitutional monarchy; the processes of destabilisation and ongoing conflict that ended that experiment; the key issues surrounding the emergence and experience of 'terror'; and the short- and long-term legacies, for both good and ill, of the revolutionary trauma - for France, and for global politics.
Is Italy il bel paese—the beautiful country—where tourists spend their vacations looking for art, history, and scenery? Or is it a land whose beauty has been cursed by humanity’s greed and nature’s cruelty? The answer is largely a matter of narrative and the narrator’s vision of Italy. The fifteen essays in Nature and History in Modern Italy investigate that nation’s long experience in managing domesticated rather than wild natures and offer insight into these conflicting visions. Italians shaped their land in the most literal sense, producing the landscape, sculpting its heritage, embedding memory in nature, and rendering the two different visions inseparable. The interplay of Italy’s rich human history and its dramatic natural diversity is a subject with broad appeal to a wide range of readers.
James A. Leith,University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center,University of Regina. Dept. of History
Author: James A. Leith,University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center,University of Regina. Dept. of History
Publisher: University of Regina Press
From 18-26 September 1996, the Department of History of the University of Regina hosted a colloquium entitled, Symbols, Myths and Images of the French Revolution, in honour of James A. Leith (Queen's University), a leading historian of revolutionary France for over three decades who began his teaching career in Saskatchewan. The colloquium brought together an international panel of scholars to discuss the visual imagery, propaganda, and cultural dimensions of the French Revolution a subject which, since Professor Leith began his career, has come to occupy an ever larger place in revolutionary historiography."
Students of French history and lovers of rousing tales alike will find in this hard-to-find work an alternative look at the French Revolution from one of the great anarchist thinkers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Communist advocate PETER ALEXEYEVICH KROPOTKIN (1842-1921) was deemed "perfect" by Oscar Wilde, who described Kropotkin as a man with "a soul of that beautiful white Christ which seems coming out of Russia." Here, he takes the first serious look at the economic side of the popular Gallic uprising, exploring: the spirit of the revolt the declaration of the rights of man the fears of the middle classes financial difficulties of the Revolution feudal legislation in 1790 social demands and arbitrary taxation the problems with paper money schemes for the socialization of the means of subsistence and exchange and much more.Originally published in two small volumes, this replica edition combines the authorized 1927 American publication into one book that may change how modern readers think about the French Revolution.
The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure
Author: Ester Boserup
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Business & Economics
Investigating the process of agrarian change, this book analyzes costs and productivity under the main systems of primitive agriculture. The conclusion is that technical, economic and social changes are unlikely to take place within primitive agriculture unless the rural community concerned is exposed to the pressure of population growth: a conclusion that is in sharp contrast to generally accepted ideas. The themes in the book are central to the discussion of the problems of population explosion and the world's undernourished peoples.
This is a revised edition of Christopher Hill's classic and ground-breaking examination of the motivations behind the English Revolution and Civil War, first published in 1965. In addition to the text of the original, Dr Hill provides thirteen new chapters which take account of other publications since the first edition, bringing his work up-to-date in a stimulating and enjoyable way. This book poses the problem of how, after centuries of rule by King, lords, and bishops, when the thinking of all was dominated by the established church, English men and women found the courage to revolt against Charles I, abolish bishops, and execute the king in the name of his people. The far-reaching effects and the novelty of what was achieved should not be underestimated - the first legalized regicide, rather than an assassination; the formal establishment of some degree of religious toleration; Parliament taking effective control of finance and foreign policy on behalf of gentry and merchants, thus guaranteeing the finance necessary to make England the world's leading naval power; abolition of the Church's prerogative courts (confirming gentry control at a local level); and the abolition of feudal tenures, which made possible first the agricultural and then the industrial revolution. Christopher Hill examines the intellectual forces which helped to prepare minds for a revolution that was much more than the religious wars and revolts which had gone before, and which became the precedent for the great revolutionary upheavals of the future.