All students taking laboratory courses within the physical sciences and engineering will benefit from this book, whilst researchers will find it an invaluable reference. This concise, practical guide brings the reader up-to-speed on the proper handling and presentation of scientific data and its inaccuracies. It covers all the vital topics with practical guidelines, computer programs (in Python), and recipes for handling experimental errors and reporting experimental data. In addition to the essentials, it also provides further background material for advanced readers who want to understand how the methods work. Plenty of examples, exercises and solutions are provided to aid and test understanding, whilst useful data, tables and formulas are compiled in a handy section for easy reference.
An informal and practically focused introduction for undergraduate students exploring infinite series and sequences in engineering and the physical sciences. With a focus on practical applications in real world situations, it helps students to conceptualize the theory with real-world examples and to build their skill set.
This textbook is intended for undergraduates who are carrying out laboratory experiments in the physical sciences for the first time. It is a practical guide on how to analyze data and estimate errors. The necessary formulas for performing calculations are given, and the ideas behind them are explained, although this is not a formal text on statistics. Specific examples are worked through step by step in the text. Emphasis is placed on the need to think about whether a calculated error is sensible. Students should take this book with them to the laboratory, and the format is intended to make this convenient. The book will provide the necessary understanding of what is involved, should inspire confidence in the method of estimating errors, and enable numerical calculations without too much effort.
A fully updated tutorial on the basics of the Python programming language for science students Python is a computer programming language that is rapidly gaining popularity throughout the sciences. This fully updated edition of A Student's Guide to Python for Physical Modeling aims to help you, the student, teach yourself enough of the Python programming language to get started with physical modeling. You will learn how to install an open-source Python programming environment and use it to accomplish many common scientific computing tasks: importing, exporting, and visualizing data; numerical analysis; and simulation. No prior programming experience is assumed. This tutorial focuses on fundamentals and introduces a wide range of useful techniques, including: Basic Python programming and scripting Numerical arrays Two- and three-dimensional graphics Monte Carlo simulations Numerical methods, including solving ordinary differential equations Image processing Animation Numerous code samples and exercises--with solutions—illustrate new ideas as they are introduced. Web-based resources also accompany this guide and include code samples, data sets, and more. This current edition brings the discussion of the Python language, Spyder development environment, and Anaconda distribution up to date. In addition, a new appendix introduces Jupyter notebooks.
This compact guide presents the key features of general relativity, to support and supplement the presentation in mainstream, more comprehensive undergraduate textbooks, or as a re-cap of essentials for graduate students pursuing more advanced studies. It helps students plot a careful path to understanding the core ideas and basics of differential geometry, as applied to general relativity, without overwhelming them. While the guide doesn't shy away from necessary technicalities, it emphasises the essential simplicity of the main physical arguments. Presuming a familiarity with special relativity (with a brief account in an appendix), it describes how general covariance and the equivalence principle motivate Einstein's theory of gravitation. It then introduces differential geometry and the covariant derivative as the mathematical technology which allows us to understand Einstein's equations of general relativity. The book is supported by numerous worked exampled and problems, and important applications of general relativity are described in an appendix.
Analytical mechanics is a set of mathematical tools used to describe a wide range of physical systems, both in classical mechanics and beyond. It offers a powerful and elegant alternative to Newtonian mechanics; however it can be challenging to learn due to its high degree of mathematical complexity. Designed to offer a more intuitive guide to this abstract topic, this guide explains the mathematical theory underlying analytical mechanics; helping students to formulate, solve and interpret complex problems using these analytical tools. Each chapter begins with an example of a physical system to illustrate the theoretical steps to be developed in that chapter, and ends with a set of exercises to further develop students' understanding. The book presents the fundamentals of the subject in depth before extending the theory to more elaborate systems, and includes a further reading section to ensure that this is an accessible companion to all standard textbooks.
In the investigation of human behaviour, statistical techniques are employed widely in the social sciences. Whilst introductory statistics courses cover essential techniques, the complexities of behaviour demand that more flexible and comprehensive methods are also employed. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) has become one of the most common of these and it is therefore essential for both student and researcher to have a thorough understanding of it. A Student's Guide to Analysis of Variance covers a range of statistical techniques associated with ANOVA, including single and multiple factor designs, various follow-up procedures such as post-hoc tests, and how to make sense of interactions. Suggestions on the best use of techniques and advice on how to avoid the pitfalls are included, along with guidelines on the writing of formal reports. Introductory level topics such as standard deviation, standard error and t-tests are revised, making this book an invaluable aid to all students for whom ANOVA is a compulsory topic. It will also serve as a useful refresher for the more advanced student and practising researcher.
A refreshing, student-focused introduction to the use of statistics in the study of the biosciences. Emphasising why statistical techniques are essential tools for bioscientists, Biomeasurement removes the stigma attached to statistics by giving students the confidence to use key techniques for themselves.
Jennifer T. Mascolo,Vincent C. Alfonso,Dawn P. Flanagan
Author: Jennifer T. Mascolo,Vincent C. Alfonso,Dawn P. Flanagan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A Resource for Designing and Implementing Intervention Programsfor At-Risk Learners This authoritative resource provides step-by-step procedures forplanning, selecting, and tailoring interventions for at-risklearners with a unique focus on how to individualize interventionsusing actual case examples. In addition, this volume offersguidelines for gathering and interpreting data in a manner thatassists in identifying targets for intervention and rich discussionand information relating to specific academic, cognitive, andbehavioral manifestations of students with learning difficulties inreading, math, writing, and oral language. Practitioners will alsorecognize and learn how to intervene with students from underservedand mis-served populations who are at risk for learning failureincluding English-language learners and students from impoverishedenvironments. Each chapter describes how specific difficulties interfere withclassroom tasks and explain how to select, modify, or otherwisetailor an intervention based on that information. As with allvolumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessmentseries, this volume includes callout boxes highlighting keyconcepts, extensive illustrative material, and test questions. Thecompanion CD-ROM provides additional worksheets, case studies, andhandouts.
This economical text is intended for use as a universal supplement to introductory econometrics courses. This edition contains two new chapters on economic forecasting. Extensive online supplements include teaching PowerPoints, solutions to test questions/problems, new instructor questions, and software programs with data to download.
A Practical and Comprehensive Guide to Planning, Writing, and Defending Your Dissertation
Author: Carol M. Roberts
Publisher: Corwin Press
It’s an uphill climb—but the view from the top makes it all worthwhile. A dissertation can be challenging, but this informative book helps you overcome the obstacles along the way. Using graphics, checklists, and sample forms, this guide readies you for each step of the process, including selecting the committee, getting acclimated to academic writing, preparing for your oral defense, and publishing your research. New features include: A chapter on ethical considerations Expanded coverage of digital data collection and the Internet More detailed information on conducting the literature review A discussion of how to develop a theoretical or conceptual framework
Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.
Ian MacFarlane,Patricia McCarthy Veach,Bonnie LeRoy
Author: Ian MacFarlane,Patricia McCarthy Veach,Bonnie LeRoy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Genetic Counseling Research: A Practical Guide is the first text devoted to research methodology in genetic counseling. This text offers step-by-step guidance for conducting research, from the development of a question to the publication of findings. Genetic counseling examples, user-friendly worksheets, and practical tips guide readers through the research and publication processes. With a highly accessible, pedagogical approach, this book will help promote quality research by genetic counselors and research supervisors--and in turn, increase the knowledge base for genetic counseling practice, other aspects of genetic counseling service delivery, and professional education. It will be an invaluable resource to the next generation of genetic counseling and its surrounding disciplines.
Financial Analysis and Control: Financial Awareness for Students and Managers discusses the analytical aspects of accounting. The book is comprised of 19 chapters that discuss the various concerns in analyzing accounting variables. The coverage of the text includes classwork examples and course-work case studies for topics, such as ration analysis, cash forecasting, and break-even analysis. The book also discusses pricing related topics including pricing policies, transfer pricing, and marginal cost approach to pricing. The text will be of great use to students and practitioners of accounting and financial managers. Entrepreneurs will also benefit from the book.
Geophysical data analysis is a very practical subject and this book is intended to be a simple guide to the techniques of parameter estimation and error analysis. I have placed emphasis on the reconciliation of theory and practical data to enable the reader understand how to tackle typical problems in data analysis. It is hoped that a mastery of the simple techniques described in this book will inspire confidence in the reader to consult the more classical treatment of the subject. It is pertinent to mention that this book developed out of a highly successful course of the same title given to senior undergraduate geophysics students in Leicester University since 1988 and its popularity stems from the structured learning programs and the simple effective practical approach to geophysical inversion. The course is given in the first semester to provide students with the basic tools for quantitative analysis of geoscientific data and consists of 10 lectures and practical sessions involving the materials given in Chapters 1 to 9 in this book. Chapter 10 derives from topical issues of research interest to me and my induction courses for postgraduate students in geophysics and the industry. The contents of this book are easily digestible and require little statistical or mathematical commitment.
Python ist eine moderne, interpretierte, interaktive und objektorientierte Skriptsprache, vielseitig einsetzbar und sehr beliebt. Mit mathematischen Vorkenntnissen ist Python leicht erlernbar und daher die ideale Sprache für den Einstieg in die Welt des Programmierens. Das Buch führt Sie Schritt für Schritt durch die Sprache, beginnend mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten, über Funktionen, Syntax und Semantik, Rekursion und Datenstrukturen bis hin zum objektorientierten Design. Jenseits reiner Theorie: Jedes Kapitel enthält passende Übungen und Fallstudien, kurze Verständnistests und kleinere Projekte, an denen Sie die neu erlernten Programmierkonzepte gleich ausprobieren und festigen können. Auf diese Weise können Sie das Gelernte direkt anwenden und die jeweiligen Programmierkonzepte nachvollziehen. Lernen Sie Debugging-Techniken kennen: Am Ende jedes Kapitels finden Sie einen Abschnitt zum Thema Debugging, der Techniken zum Aufspüren und Vermeiden von Bugs sowie Warnungen vor entsprechenden Stolpersteinen in Python enthält. Starten Sie durch: Beginnen Sie mit den Grundlagen der Programmierung und den verschiedenen Programmierkonzepten, und lernen Sie, wie ein Informatiker zu programmieren.
The new edition of this award winning text helps address the increased pressure that the NCLEX and other certification exams are placing on nursing students and faculty. The Nurse Educator’s Guide to Assessing Learning Outcomes, 2nd Edition guides classroom educators through the process of developing effective classroom exams and individual test items.