Basic Applications and Programming for Confirmatory Factor Analytic Models
Author: Barbara M. Byrne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A Primer of LISREL represents the first complete guide to the use of LISREL computer programming in analyses of covariance structures. Rather than writing for the expert statistician, Dr. Byrne draws examples from her own research in providing a practical guide to applications of LISREL modeling for the unsophisticated user. This book surpasses the other theoretically cumbersome manuals, as the author describes procedures and examples establishing for the user the first book requiring no supplement to the understanding of causal modeling and LISREL.
This book illustrates the ease with which various features of LISREL 8 and PRELIS 2 can be implemented in addressing research questions that lend themselves to SEM. Its purpose is threefold: (a) to present a nonmathmatical introduction to basic concepts associated with SEM, (b) to demonstrate basic applications of SEM using both the DOS and Windows versions of LISREL 8, as well as both the LISREL and SIMPLIS lexicons, and (c) to highlight particular features of the LISREL 8 and PRELIS 2 progams that address important caveats related to SEM analyses. This book is intended neither as a text on the topic of SEM, nor as a comprehensive review of the many statistical funcitons available in the LISREL 8 and PRELIS 2 programs. Rather, the intent is to provide a practical guide to SEM using the LISREL approach. As such, the reader is "walked through" a diversity of SEM applications that include both factor analytic and full latent variable models, as well as a variety of data management procedures.
LISREL: Issues, Debates, and Strategies examines issues of concern to researchers already familiar with the basics of structural equation modeling. Building on his earlier work in Structural Equation Modeling in LISREL, Leslie Hayduk explains procedures that maximize researchers' control over the meanings of their concepts and integrates the modeling of single and multiple indicators. The constraints and deceptions of the factor model are used to highlight measurement issues and the debate over whether one should estimate a measurement model prior to estimating a structural model is reviewed, extended, and evaluated. For sociologists, political scientists, psychologists, and researchers in science, medicine, and education, LISREL offers a wealth of useful information: A loop-equivalent to the standard recursive model is presented as grounding an interpretation style that can be used to challenge any or all the effect estimates from recursive models. (Loop-equivalent provide an appealing alternative conceptualization of longitudinal processes.) Models with acceptable negative R2's are discussed and LAR2 is introduced as a more appropriate indication of error variance for variables touching reciprocal relationships or loops. The logic connecting partial correlations, tetrads, equivalent models, and LISREL is presented and recent advances in this area are reviewed. Phantom variables and a modeling trick combine to illustrate how stacked models based on differing sets of indicator variables can be used: to identify otherwise unidentified models, to control for unmeasured variables, and to integrate models based on diverse data sets. A more appropriate Monte-Carlo-test model is proposed and a brief review of the recent literature is provided.
Eine anwendungsorientierte Einführung in die Kausalanalyse mit Hilfe von AMOS, SmartPLS und SPSS
Author: Rolf Weiber,Daniel Mühlhaus
Category: Business & Economics
Alle Analysen werden an einem durchgehenden Fallbeispiel konkret und transparent durchgeführt Strukturgleichungsmodelle sind in allen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen von größter Bedeutung, da sie das Standardinstrument zur empirischen Prüfung von Hypothesensystemen darstellen. Dabei stehen oftmals die Beziehungen zwischen hypothetischen Konstrukten (latenten Variablen) im Fokus des Interesses. Das Buch zeichnet den gesamten Prozess der Strukturgleichungsmodellierung von der Konzeptualisierung theoretischer Konstrukte über die Spezifikation von Messmodellen, die Reliabilitäts- und Validitätsprüfung mittels konfirmatorischer Faktorenanalyse bis hin zur Prüfung von kausalen Wirkhypothesen mittels Kovarianzstrukturanalyse sowie PLS nach. Alle Arbeitsschritte werden an einem durchgehenden Fallbeispiel unter Verwendung von SPSS, AMOS und SmartPLS veranschaulicht und jeweils konkrete Anwendungsempfehlungen gegeben. Ebenso werden weiterführende Aspekte wie die Mehrgruppenkausalanalyse, die Spezifikation reflektiver und formativer Messansätze sowie MIMIC-Modelle einsteigergerecht behandelt.
Todd M. Davis,Patricia H. Murrell,ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education,Association for the Study of Higher Education
the role of student responsibility in the collegiate experience
Author: Todd M. Davis,Patricia H. Murrell,ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education,Association for the Study of Higher Education
Examines the joint obligations of students and institutions, plus their effect on the quality of learning. Discusses the work of Robert Pace and includes an appAndix of his College Student Experience Questionnaire "Quality of Effort" scales. Also explores theories of student responsibility and college environment.
Healthy ageing has long been a neglected area of epidemiological research as the traditional focus has been on specific chronic diseases of older life. There is a growing consensus from scientists, research funders and policy makers that ageing itself needs to be studied from an interdisciplinary and life course perspective, to inform strategies for reducing the societal and individual costs of an ageing population. A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing is a synthesis of life course perspectives in epidemiology and interdisciplinary perspectives in ageing research. It brings together expert investigators of maturing birth cohort and ageing studies, cross-cutting methodologists, and authorities in ageing research and knowledge transfer from across the world in one wide-ranging volume. Contributors discuss how aspects of healthy ageing are conceptualised, defined and measured; relate to each other; change across life; and are influenced by biological, psychological and social factors operating from early life onwards. They identify research gaps, and suggest how evidence from observational studies can be strengthened through improved study design and longitudinal analysis, thereby increasing the research contribution to practice or policy change. The book considers how we might delay or slow down the progressive, generalised impairment of function that occurs at the individual, body system and cellular levels, as people grow older. It also considers the determinants of wellbeing in older people, including personal fulfilment, positive emotions and social relationships. Broad in scope, discussing topics from genetics to psychological and social wellbeing, A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing is a key resource for epidemiologists, social scientists, clinicians, public health physicians, policy makers and practitioners with a research interest in healthy ageing.
Designed for researchers and students alike, the volume describes how to perform each stage of the data collection process on the Internet, including sampling, instrument design, and administration. Through the use of non-technical prose and illustrations, it details the options available, describes potential dangers in choosing them, and provides guidelines for sidestepping them. In doing so, though, it does not simply reiterate the practices of traditional communication modes, but approaches the Internet as a unique medium that necessitates its own conventions.