A Pattern Language

Towns, Buildings, Construction

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199726531

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 6220

You can use this book to design a house for yourself with your family; you can use it to work with your neighbors to improve your town and neighborhood; you can use it to design an office, or a workshop, or a public building. And you can use it to guide you in the actual process of construction. After a ten-year silence, Christopher Alexander and his colleagues at the Center for Environmental Structure are now publishing a major statement in the form of three books which will, in their words, "lay the basis for an entirely new approach to architecture, building and planning, which will we hope replace existing ideas and practices entirely." The three books are The Timeless Way of Building, The Oregon Experiment, and this book, A Pattern Language. At the core of these books is the idea that people should design for themselves their own houses, streets, and communities. This idea may be radical (it implies a radical transformation of the architectural profession) but it comes simply from the observation that most of the wonderful places of the world were not made by architects but by the people. At the core of the books, too, is the point that in designing their environments people always rely on certain "languages," which, like the languages we speak, allow them to articulate and communicate an infinite variety of designs within a forma system which gives them coherence. This book provides a language of this kind. It will enable a person to make a design for almost any kind of building, or any part of the built environment. "Patterns," the units of this language, are answers to design problems (How high should a window sill be? How many stories should a building have? How much space in a neighborhood should be devoted to grass and trees?). More than 250 of the patterns in this pattern language are given: each consists of a problem statement, a discussion of the problem with an illustration, and a solution. As the authors say in their introduction, many of the patterns are archetypal, so deeply rooted in the nature of things that it seemly likely that they will be a part of human nature, and human action, as much in five hundred years as they are today.

A Pattern Language

Towns, Buildings, Construction

Author: Christopher Alexander,Sara Ishikawa,Murray Silverstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195019199

Category: Architecture

Page: 1171

View: 5924

Two hundred and fifty-three archetypal patterns consisting of problem statements, discussions, illustrations, and solutions provide lay persons with a framework for engaging in architectural design

A Pattern Language

Towns, Buildings, Construction

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190050357

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 855

You can use this book to design a house for yourself with your family; you can use it to work with your neighbors to improve your town and neighborhood; you can use it to design an office, or a workshop, or a public building. And you can use it to guide you in the actual process of construction. After a ten-year silence, Christopher Alexander and his colleagues at the Center for Environmental Structure are now publishing a major statement in the form of three books which will, in their words, "lay the basis for an entirely new approach to architecture, building and planning, which will we hope replace existing ideas and practices entirely." The three books are The Timeless Way of Building, The Oregon Experiment, and this book, A Pattern Language. At the core of these books is the idea that people should design for themselves their own houses, streets, and communities. This idea may be radical (it implies a radical transformation of the architectural profession) but it comes simply from the observation that most of the wonderful places of the world were not made by architects but by the people. At the core of the books, too, is the point that in designing their environments people always rely on certain "languages," which, like the languages we speak, allow them to articulate and communicate an infinite variety of designs within a forma system which gives them coherence. This book provides a language of this kind. It will enable a person to make a design for almost any kind of building, or any part of the built environment. "Patterns," the units of this language, are answers to design problems (How high should a window sill be? How many stories should a building have? How much space in a neighborhood should be devoted to grass and trees?). More than 250 of the patterns in this pattern language are given: each consists of a problem statement, a discussion of the problem with an illustration, and a solution. As the authors say in their introduction, many of the patterns are archetypal, so deeply rooted in the nature of things that it seemly likely that they will be a part of human nature, and human action, as much in five hundred years as they are today.

The Oregon Experiment

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195018240

Category: Architecture

Page: 190

View: 9164

Details the master architectural design plan currently being implemented at the University of Oregon, illustrating the participation of all members of a small community in the designing of their own environment

The Timeless Way of Building

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195024029

Category: Architecture

Page: 552

View: 3637

This introductory volume to Alexander's other works, A Pattern of Language and The Oregon Experiment, explains concepts fundamental to his original approaches to the theory and application of architecture

A New Theory of Urban Design

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195037537

Category: Architecture

Page: 251

View: 8164

Suggests a new approach to urban design in which cities grow more organically, provides a set of seven basic principles, and offers an experimental redesign of a section of San Francisco

The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth

A Struggle Between Two World-Systems

Author: Christopher Alexander,Hans Joachim Neis,Maggie Moore Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 505

View: 2534

Using the example of building the Eishin Campus in Japan, this book demonstrates the successful application of Christopher Alexander's principles and production methods to large-scale building projects and communities. It establishes the foundations of a new system of creation and production that includes the best of current building practices. It invites us, collectively and individually, to contribute to an entirely new built landscape, embracing creation, art, craft, technology, ecology, and science - all that we call architecture.

The Production of Houses

Author: Christopher Alexander,Howard Davis,Donald Corner

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195032233

Category: Architecture

Page: 381

View: 739

As an innovative thinker about building and planning, Christopher Alexander has attracted a devoted following. His seminal books--The Timeless Way of Building, A Pattern Language, and The Oregon Experiment--defined a radical and fundamently new process of environmental design. Alexander now gives us the latest book in his series--a book that puts his theories to the test and shows what sort of production system can create the kind of environment he has envisioned. The Production of Houses centers around a group of buildings which Alexander and his associates built in 1976 in northern Mexico. Each house is different and the book explains how each family helped to lay out and construct its own home according to the family's own needs and in the framework of the pattern language. Numerous diagrams and tables as well as a variety of anecdotes make the day-today process clear. The Mexican project, however, is only the starting point for a comprehensive theory of housing production. The Production of Houses describes seven principles which apply to any system of production in any part of the world for housing of any cost in any climate or culture or at any density. In the last part of the book, "The Shift of Paradigm," Alexander describes, in detail, the devastating nature of the revolution in world view which is contained in his proposal for housing construction, and its overall implications for deep-seated cultural change.

Notes on the Synthesis of Form

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674627512

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 9470

"These notes are about the process of design: the process of inventing things which display new physical order, organization, form, in response to function." This book, opening with these words, presents an entirely new theory of the process of design. In the first part of the book, Christopher Alexander discusses the process by which a form is adapted to the context of human needs and demands that has called it into being. He shows that such an adaptive process will be successful only if it proceeds piecemeal instead of all at once. It is for this reason that forms from traditional un-self-conscious cultures, molded not by designers but by the slow pattern of changes within tradition, are so beautifully organized and adapted. When the designer, in our own self-conscious culture, is called on to create a form that is adapted to its context he is unsuccessful, because the preconceived categories out of which he builds his picture of the problem do not correspond to the inherent components of the problem, and therefore lead only to the arbitrariness, willfulness, and lack of understanding which plague the design of modern buildings and modern cities. In the second part, Mr. Alexander presents a method by which the designer may bring his full creative imagination into play, and yet avoid the traps of irrelevant preconception. He shows that, whenever a problem is stated, it is possible to ignore existing concepts and to create new concepts, out of the structure of the problem itself, which do correspond correctly to what he calls the subsystems of the adaptive process. By treating each of these subsystems as a separate subproblem, the designer can translate the new concepts into form. The form, because of the process, will be well-adapted to its context, non-arbitrary, and correct. The mathematics underlying this method, based mainly on set theory, is fully developed in a long appendix. Another appendix demonstrates the application of the method to the design of an Indian village.

Patterns of Home

The Ten Essentials of Enduring Design

Author: Max Jacobson,Murray Silverstein,Barbara Winslow

Publisher: Taunton Press

ISBN: 1561585335

Category: House & Home

Page: 282

View: 7535

Clearly written and profusely illustrated, this text brings the timeless lessons of residential design to homeowners who seek inspiration and direction. Insightful tours of 33 homes bring essential design concepts to life. 300 color photos. 50 illustrations.

The Oregon Experiment

Author: Keith Scribner

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307741834

Category: Fiction

Page: 331

View: 2282

Performing field research in his job as a university professor, Oregon newcomer Scanlon Pratt becomes involved with an anarchist and a local secessionist movement, affiliations that are compromised by divided loyalties and the birth of his first child.

A Pattern Language

Towns, Buildings, Construction

Author: Christopher Alexander,Sara Ishikawa,Murray Silverstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195019199

Category: Architecture

Page: 1171

View: 848

Two hundred and fifty-three archetypal patterns consisting of problem statements, discussions, illustrations, and solutions provide lay persons with a framework for engaging in architectural design

How Buildings Learn

What Happens After They're Built

Author: Stewart Brand

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101562641

Category: Architecture

Page: 252

View: 9120

Buildings have often been studies whole in space, but never before have they been studied whole in time. How Buildings Learn is a masterful new synthesis that proposes that buildings adapt best when constantly refined and reshaped by their occupants, and that architects can mature from being artists of space to becoming artists of time. From the connected farmhouses of New England to I.M. Pei's Media Lab, from "satisficing" to "form follows funding," from the evolution of bungalows to the invention of Santa Fe Style, from Low Road military surplus buildings to a High Road English classic like Chatsworth—this is a far-ranging survey of unexplored essential territory. More than any other human artifacts, buildings improve with time—if they're allowed to. How Buildings Learn shows how to work with time rather than against it.

The Nature of Order

An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe - Book One: The Phenomenon of Life

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195106398

Category: Architecture

Page: 480

View: 9434

Christopher Alexander's series of groundbreaking books--including The Timeless Way of Building and A Pattern Language--have illuminated the fundamental truths of traditional ways of building, revealing what gives life and beauty and true functionality to buildings and towns. Now, in The Nature of Order, Alexander delves into the essential properties of life itself, highlighting a common set of well-defined structures that he believes are present in all order--and in all life--from micro-organisms and mountain ranges to the creation of good houses and vibrant communities. In The Phenomenon of Life, the first volume in this masterwork, Alexander ponders the nature of order as an intellectual basis for a new architecture, proposing a well-defined scientific view of the world in which all space-matter has perceptible degrees of life. With this view as foundation, we can ask precise questions about what must be done to create life in the world--"whether in a single room...a doorknob...a neighborhood...even in a vast region." He presents the basic tenets of the concept, expanding on his theories of centers and of wholeness as a structure, and describes the fifteen properties from which he feels wholeness may be built. He also argues that living structure is at once both personal and structural, related not only to the geometry of space and how things work, but to human beings whose lives are ultimately based on feeling. Thus order, as the foundation of all things and as the foundation of all architecture, is both rooted in substance and rooted in feeling. Here then is the culmination of decades of intense thinking by one of the most innovative architects alive.

Christopher Alexander

The Search for a New Paradigm in Architecture

Author: Stephen Grabow

Publisher: Routledge Kegan & Paul

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 306

View: 638

Discusses the influential theories of the English-born architect, analyzes his philosophical ideas, and looks at the resulting architectural designs

A Foreshadowing of 21st Century Art

The Color and Geometry of Very Early Turkish Carpets

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Design

Page: 350

View: 3776

Christopher Alexander owns what many now believe to be the finest collection of early Turkish carpets in the western world, with perhaps half being the only specimens of their kind anywhere. In this richly illustrated, oversized volume--featuring four hundred illustrations, eighty in full color--Alexander takes readers on an engaging tour of his fabulous collection. Readers will see a 13th-century Seljuk Carpet with Dragons, a 15th-century Animal Carpet, a scarlet-niched Transylvanian Prayer Rug, a turquoise Lattice Carpet from Alcaraz, a 16th-century blue Medallion Keyhole Design from Bergama, a rare 16th-century White Field Bird Carpet, the dazzling color and brilliant geometry of a 15th-century Karapinar with Three Gulls, and perhaps Alexander's favorite, a 15th-century Star Karapinar with Flowers (whose designs he describes as "the high point of all Sufi art, the state of liberation, in which the artist is so free, that he is able to be completely natural"). In addition, Alexander elaborates on his theory that these carpets teach structure to artists and architects through the beauty of their form. This lavishly produced volume makes an important contribution to the world of rug scholarship. Equally important, Alexander's thoughtful meditations on these pieces will fascinate the many architects, artists, and planners who follow his work.

The Linz Café

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783854090212

Category: Forum Design

Page: 92

View: 4942

The Linz Café is the fifth and latest book in a series which includes The Timeless Way of Building, A Pattern Language, The Oregon Experiment, and The Production of Houses[.] Here for the first time, Christopher Alexander describes a single building, commissioned by the organizers of the 1980 summer exposition "Forum Design" in Linz, Austria, with the explicit intention of allowing him to express his ideas, concepts, feelings, and philosophy, in a single building. "I thought at once that people would be tired after walking so much in the exhibit," Alexander writes, "and that what was needed most of all was a beautiful place to sit down, be comfortable, have a cup of coffee or a beer, enjoy the beauty of the Danube." The book describes the process of its design and the feelings which prompted it. Reflecting ideas presented in his earlier books and offering tantalizing glimpses of work now in progress, it deals with the ultimate spiritual reality of building. Among other things, there are first sketches of ideas, so far not published elsewhere, of Alexander's theory of color, his love of ornament, and illustrations of the hand-painted flowers with which he covered the inside of the café in the last days before its opening. --From dust jacket.

Pattern Theory

Introduction and Perspectives on the Tracks of Christopher Alexander

Author: Helmut Leitner

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781505637434

Category: Architecture

Page: 160

View: 9484

This book “Pattern Theory” summarizes the work of an important contemporary thinker, the architect and systems theorist Christopher Alexander, an emeritus professor at the University of Berkeley, California. In 1979 one of his books, "A Pattern Language", an 1100-page-essay on architecture and human life, became a non-fiction best seller that attracted half a million readers and continues to inspire people from many disciplines. The still broader four-volume essay "The Nature of Order" was published 2002-2004 as magnum opus. The life work of Alexander is outstanding. He develops a general theory of living systems, a systems theory based on the concepts center, wholeness and transformation by using design patterns and pattern languages as parts of the method. There is a whole new cosmos of thinking with astonishing bandwidth: Alexander suggests a new scientific paradigm that stands in opposition to the traditional causal mechanistic paradigm of natural science – and he offers a new knowledge format as a way to enable people and support their participation in design processes.Alexander's theories have already proven useful in education, organizational development, permaculture, and in software the design patterns have even become mainstream. Many disciplines are about to follow in this development. Pattern theory allows us to change our thinking, to rethink our world and to move towards a fairer society. This leads to more participation and higher sustainability. Alexander's concepts form a mental toolbox for societal change and innovation.

Architectural Intelligence

How Designers and Architects Created the Digital Landscape

Author: Molly Wright Steenson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262037068

Category: Architecture

Page: 328

View: 2231

Architects, anti-architects, and architecting -- Christopher Alexander -- Richard Saul Wurman -- Information architects -- Cedric Price -- Nicholas Negroponte and the MIT Architecture Machine Group -- Architecting intelligence

A City is Not a Tree

50th Anniversary Edition

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Sustasis Press/Off The Common Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 200

View: 9656