This book explores the history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in the years 1948-1951. The only book on the complete history of Jordan during this period to be written by an Arab author, it analyzes the many important events that took place in the Middle East during that time. Special reference is made to the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 and its consequences. The military details of that war, with regard to Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and the Palestinian Liberation Army, are described here for the first time. The book also explores the first attempt at Arab unity by Jordan and Palestine, and the assassination of King Abdullah, which led to the accession of King Talal to the throne.
Few states in the modern world have had a less promising birth than Jordan. When in 1921 the Hashemite Emir Abdallah was recognized as the ruler of this romantic backwater of the former Ottoman Empire, it was sparsely populated, extremely poor, and widely regarded as ungovernable. Today against all the odds, Jordan has become one of the most prosperous and stable of Middle Eastern countries and a major player in the region's politics. In this political history, Kamal Salibi attempts to explain how this transformation was achieved. The book traces the story of modern Jordan from its origins in the Arab revolt at the end of World War I and the political success of the astute and colourful founder of its ruling dynasty. It includes a detailed examination of the far-reaching implications for Jordan of the Palestinian tragedy and a constantly tense relationship with neighbouring Israel and it shows how King Hussein, the longest surviving ruler in the contemporary Middle East, has guided the country through these difficult times to introduce democracy in 1988.
Written by a former deputy prime minister of Jordan and one-time general in the Arab Legion, this book examines the history of this country between the years 1939 and 1947, a vital period in the development of the Amirate of Transjordan. Setting the scene with discussions of the political, economic and social conditions and the country's relation s with neighbouring states, Maan Abu Nowar focuses primarily on the impact of the Second World War and recounts those Anglo-Jordanian relations which led to the termination of the British mandate in 1946 and the founding of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Very little has been written about the 1929-1939 history of Trans-Jordan-a decade of importance in the history of its struggle for independence and sovereignty, its progress and development, its relations with Palestine and the neighboring Arab countries, and the new awakening of Arab nationalism. During the 1930s, although still under the mandate of the League of Nations (which was entrusted to Great Britain), Trans-Jordan began to develop an international presence. The people remained very poor however, and the government was supported by a grant-in-aid from the British government. The British Resident in Amman, Col. Henry Cox, used that grant-in-aid as a justification for his financial and political control over the new mandated state, which limited its sovereignty. At this time, Great Britain had the largest empire on earth. Her wealth and power, as well as the survival of her empire, depended mainly on her ability to defend her trade routes with her overseas colonies, protectorates, and mandated territories. The Amir Abdullah Ibn al Husain wanted to take Trans-Jordan back from Great Britain and develop it into an independent state. This book examines the decade of that struggle.