Given the ease with which computers can do iteration it is now possible for almost anyone to generate beautiful images whose roots lie in discrete dynamical systems. Images of Mandelbrot and Julia sets abound in publications both mathematical and not. The mathematics behind the pictures are beautiful in their own right and are the subject of this text. Mathematica programs that illustrate the dynamics are included in an appendix.
A First Course in Chaotic Dynamical Systems: Theory and Experiment is the first book to introduce modern topics in dynamical systems at the undergraduate level. Accessible to readers with only a background in calculus, the book integrates both theory and computer experiments into its coverage of contemporary ideas in dynamics. It is designed as a gradual introduction to the basic mathematical ideas behind such topics as chaos, fractals, Newton's method, symbolic dynamics, the Julia set, and the Mandelbrot set, and includes biographies of some of the leading researchers in the field of dynamical systems. Mathematical and computer experiments are integrated throughout the text to help illustrate the meaning of the theorems presented.Chaotic Dynamical Systems Software, Labs 1–6 is a supplementary laboratory software package, available separately, that allows a more intuitive understanding of the mathematics behind dynamical systems theory. Combined with A First Course in Chaotic Dynamical Systems, it leads to a rich understanding of this emerging field.
Laécio Carvalho de Barros,Rodney Carlos Bassanezi,Weldon Alexander Lodwick
Author: Laécio Carvalho de Barros,Rodney Carlos Bassanezi,Weldon Alexander Lodwick
This book provides an essential introduction to the field of dynamical models. Starting from classical theories such as set theory and probability, it allows readers to draw near to the fuzzy case. On one hand, the book equips readers with a fundamental understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of fuzzy sets and fuzzy dynamical systems. On the other, it demonstrates how these theories are used to solve modeling problems in biomathematics, and presents existing derivatives and integrals applied to the context of fuzzy functions. Each of the major topics is accompanied by examples, worked-out exercises, and exercises to be completed. Moreover, many applications to real problems are presented. The book has been developed on the basis of the authors’ lectures to university students and is accordingly primarily intended as a textbook for both upper-level undergraduates and graduates in applied mathematics, statistics, and engineering. It also offers a valuable resource for practitioners such as mathematical consultants and modelers, and for researchers alike, as it may provide both groups with new ideas and inspirations for projects in the fields of fuzzy logic and biomathematics.
Frank Giordano,William P. Fox,Steven Horton,Maurice Weir
Author: Frank Giordano,William P. Fox,Steven Horton,Maurice Weir
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Offering a solid introduction to the entire modeling process, A FIRST COURSE IN MATHEMATICAL MODELING, 4th Edition delivers an excellent balance of theory and practice, giving students hands-on experience developing and sharpening their skills in the modeling process. Throughout the book, students practice key facets of modeling, including creative and empirical model construction, model analysis, and model research. The authors apply a proven six-step problem-solving process to enhance students’ problem-solving capabilities -- whatever their level. Rather than simply emphasizing the calculation step, the authors first ensure that students learn how to identify problems, construct or select models, and figure out what data needs to be collected. By involving students in the mathematical process as early as possible -- beginning with short projects -- the book facilitates their progressive development and confidence in mathematics and modeling. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Stochastic calculus and excursion theory are very efficient tools for obtaining either exact or asymptotic results about Brownian motion and related processes. This book focuses on special classes of Brownian functionals, including Gaussian subspaces of the Gaussian space of Brownian motion; Brownian quadratic funtionals; Brownian local times; Exponential functionals of Brownian motion with drift; Time spent by Brownian motion below a multiple of its one-sided supremum.
Dynamische Systeme stellen einen unverzichtbaren Bestandteil mathematischer Modellbildung für Anwendungen aller Art dar, angefangen von Physik über Biologie bis hin zur Informatik. Dieser Band führt in diese Theorie ein und beschreibt Methoden und Dynamiken, wie sie für eine systematische Modellbildung auch in den Anwendungen notwendig erscheinen. Wesentliche Grundzüge der Theorie werden beispielhaft im ersten Kapitel erläutert. Es schließt sich eine Einführung in niedrig-dimensionale Dynamiken an (u.a. rationale Funktionen), gefolgt von topologischer Dynamik (z.B. Attraktoren, Entropie und chaotisches Verhalten), differenzierbarer Dynamik (z.B. Liapunoff-Exponenten, Strukturstabilität und Hyperbolizität), Ergodentheorie (z.B. Ergodensätze, invariante Maße, Konservativität) und schließlich thermodynamischer Formalismus (z.B. Gibbs-Theorie, Zetafunktionen).
Mathematik - muss das sein? Ja, und mit den Beispielen in diesem Buch macht's sogar Spaß. Denn hier wird Mathematik anhand alltäglicher Probleme erklärt. So lassen sich mathematische Grundlagen darstellen und Methoden und Werkzeuge entwickeln. Die ganze fürs Studium notwendige Mathematik wird anwendbar präsentiert. Zahlreiche Bilder und ausführlich durchgerechnete Beispiele veranschaulichen den Stoff; viele Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen machen fit für die Prüfung.
Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Control presents and develops an extensive treatment of stability analysis and control design of nonlinear dynamical systems, with an emphasis on Lyapunov-based methods. Dynamical system theory lies at the heart of mathematical sciences and engineering. The application of dynamical systems has crossed interdisciplinary boundaries from chemistry to biochemistry to chemical kinetics, from medicine to biology to population genetics, from economics to sociology to psychology, and from physics to mechanics to engineering. The increasingly complex nature of engineering systems requiring feedback control to obtain a desired system behavior also gives rise to dynamical systems. Wassim Haddad and VijaySekhar Chellaboina provide an exhaustive treatment of nonlinear systems theory and control using the highest standards of exposition and rigor. This graduate-level textbook goes well beyond standard treatments by developing Lyapunov stability theory, partial stability, boundedness, input-to-state stability, input-output stability, finite-time stability, semistability, stability of sets and periodic orbits, and stability theorems via vector Lyapunov functions. A complete and thorough treatment of dissipativity theory, absolute stability theory, stability of feedback systems, optimal control, disturbance rejection control, and robust control for nonlinear dynamical systems is also given. This book is an indispensable resource for applied mathematicians, dynamical systems theorists, control theorists, and engineers.
Following the work of Yorke and Li in 1975, the theory of discrete dynamical systems and difference equations developed rapidly. The applications of difference equations also grew rapidly, especially with the introduction of graphical-interface software that can plot trajectories, calculate Lyapunov exponents, plot bifurcation diagrams, and find basins of attraction. Modern computer algebra systems have opened the door to the use of symbolic calculation for studying difference equations. This book offers an introduction to discrete dynamical systems and difference equations and presents the Dynamica software. Developed by the authors and based on Mathematica, Dynamica provides an easy-to-use collection of algebraic, numerical, and graphical tools and techniques that allow users to quickly gain the ability to: Find and classify the stability character of equilibrium and periodic points Perform semicycle analysis of solutions Calculate and visualize invariants Calculate and visualize Lyapunov functions and numbers Plot bifurcation diagrams Visualize stable and unstable manifolds Calculate Box Dimension While it presents the essential theoretical concepts and results, the book's emphasis is on using the software. The authors present two sets of Dynamica sessions: one that serves as a tutorial of the different techniques, the other features case studies of well-known difference equations. Dynamica and notebooks corresponding to particular chapters are available for download from the Internet.
A timely, accessible introduction to the mathematics ofchaos. The past three decades have seen dramatic developments in thetheory of dynamical systems, particularly regarding the explorationof chaotic behavior. Complex patterns of even simple processesarising in biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, economics, anda host of other disciplines have been investigated, explained, andutilized. Introduction to Discrete Dynamical Systems and Chaos makes theseexciting and important ideas accessible to students and scientistsby assuming, as a background, only the standard undergraduatetraining in calculus and linear algebra. Chaos is introduced at theoutset and is then incorporated as an integral part of the theoryof discrete dynamical systems in one or more dimensions. Both phasespace and parameter space analysis are developed with ampleexercises, more than 100 figures, and important practical examplessuch as the dynamics of atmospheric changes and neuralnetworks. An appendix provides readers with clear guidelines on how to useMathematica to explore discrete dynamical systems numerically.Selected programs can also be downloaded from a Wiley ftp site(address in preface). Another appendix lists possible projects thatcan be assigned for classroom investigation. Based on the author's1993 book, but boasting at least 60% new, revised, and updatedmaterial, the present Introduction to Discrete Dynamical Systemsand Chaos is a unique and extremely useful resource for allscientists interested in this active and intensely studiedfield. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all theproblems in the book is available upon request from the Wileyeditorial department.
This book gives a mathematical treatment of the introduction to qualitative differential equations and discrete dynamical systems. The treatment includes theoretical proofs, methods of calculation, and applications. The two parts of the book, continuous time of differential equations and discrete time of dynamical systems, can be covered independently in one semester each or combined together into a year long course. The material on differential equations introduces the qualitative or geometric approach through a treatment of linear systems in any dimension. There follows chapters where equilibria are the most important feature, where scalar (energy) functions is the principal tool, where periodic orbits appear, and finally, chaotic systems of differential equations. The many different approaches are systematically introduced through examples and theorems. The material on discrete dynamical systems starts with maps of one variable and proceeds to systems in higher dimensions. The treatment starts with examples where the periodic points can be found explicitly and then introduces symbolic dynamics to analyze where they can be shown to exist but not given in explicit form. Chaotic systems are presented both mathematically and more computationally using Lyapunov exponents. With the one-dimensional maps as models, the multidimensional maps cover the same material in higher dimensions. This higher dimensional material is less computational and more conceptual and theoretical. The final chapter on fractals introduces various dimensions which is another computational tool for measuring the complexity of a system. It also treats iterated function systems which give examples of complicated sets. In the second edition of the book, much of the material has been rewritten to clarify the presentation. Also, some new material has been included in both parts of the book. This book can be used as a textbook for an advanced undergraduate course on ordinary differential equations and/or dynamical systems. Prerequisites are standard courses in calculus (single variable and multivariable), linear algebra, and introductory differential equations.
A unique textbook for an undergraduate course on mathematical modeling, Differential Equations with MATLAB: Exploration, Applications, and Theory provides students with an understanding of the practical and theoretical aspects of mathematical models involving ordinary and partial differential equations (ODEs and PDEs). The text presents a unifying picture inherent to the study and analysis of more than 20 distinct models spanning disciplines such as physics, engineering, and finance. The first part of the book presents systems of linear ODEs. The text develops mathematical models from ten disparate fields, including pharmacokinetics, chemistry, classical mechanics, neural networks, physiology, and electrical circuits. Focusing on linear PDEs, the second part covers PDEs that arise in the mathematical modeling of phenomena in ten other areas, including heat conduction, wave propagation, fluid flow through fissured rocks, pattern formation, and financial mathematics. The authors engage students by posing questions of all types throughout, including verifying details, proving conjectures of actual results, analyzing broad strokes that occur within the development of the theory, and applying the theory to specific models. The authors’ accessible style encourages students to actively work through the material and answer these questions. In addition, the extensive use of MATLAB® GUIs allows students to discover patterns and make conjectures.
The words "differential" and "equations" certainly suggest solving some kind of equation that contains derivatives. Just as students in a course in algebra and trigonometry spend a good amount of time solving equations, in this course we wish to solve differential equations.
Fractals and Chaos: An Illustrated Course provides you with a practical, elementary introduction to fractal geometry and chaotic dynamics-subjects that have attracted immense interest throughout the scientific and engineering disciplines. The book may be used in part or as a whole to form an introductory course in either or both subject areas. A prominent feature of the book is the use of many illustrations to convey the concepts required for comprehension of the subject. In addition, plenty of problems are provided to test understanding. Advanced mathematics is avoided in order to provide a concise treatment and speed the reader through the subject areas. The book can be used as a text for undergraduate courses or for self-study.