A Concise Introduction to Pure Mathematics, Fourth Edition

Author: Martin Liebeck

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498722938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 8524

Accessible to all students with a sound background in high school mathematics, A Concise Introduction to Pure Mathematics, Fourth Edition presents some of the most fundamental and beautiful ideas in pure mathematics. It covers not only standard material but also many interesting topics not usually encountered at this level, such as the theory of solving cubic equations; Euler’s formula for the numbers of corners, edges, and faces of a solid object and the five Platonic solids; the use of prime numbers to encode and decode secret information; the theory of how to compare the sizes of two infinite sets; and the rigorous theory of limits and continuous functions. New to the Fourth Edition Two new chapters that serve as an introduction to abstract algebra via the theory of groups, covering abstract reasoning as well as many examples and applications New material on inequalities, counting methods, the inclusion-exclusion principle, and Euler’s phi function Numerous new exercises, with solutions to the odd-numbered ones Through careful explanations and examples, this popular textbook illustrates the power and beauty of basic mathematical concepts in number theory, discrete mathematics, analysis, and abstract algebra. Written in a rigorous yet accessible style, it continues to provide a robust bridge between high school and higher-level mathematics, enabling students to study more advanced courses in abstract algebra and analysis.

Measure and Integral

An Introduction to Real Analysis, Second Edition

Author: Richard L. Wheeden

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498702902

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

View: 1746

Now considered a classic text on the topic, Measure and Integral: An Introduction to Real Analysis provides an introduction to real analysis by first developing the theory of measure and integration in the simple setting of Euclidean space, and then presenting a more general treatment based on abstract notions characterized by axioms and with less geometric content. Published nearly forty years after the first edition, this long-awaited Second Edition also: Studies the Fourier transform of functions in the spaces L1, L2, and Lp, 1 p Shows the Hilbert transform to be a bounded operator on L2, as an application of the L2 theory of the Fourier transform in the one-dimensional case Covers fractional integration and some topics related to mean oscillation properties of functions, such as the classes of Hölder continuous functions and the space of functions of bounded mean oscillation Derives a subrepresentation formula, which in higher dimensions plays a role roughly similar to the one played by the fundamental theorem of calculus in one dimension Extends the subrepresentation formula derived for smooth functions to functions with a weak gradient Applies the norm estimates derived for fractional integral operators to obtain local and global first-order Poincaré–Sobolev inequalities, including endpoint cases Proves the existence of a tangent plane to the graph of a Lipschitz function of several variables Includes many new exercises not present in the first edition This widely used and highly respected text for upper-division undergraduate and first-year graduate students of mathematics, statistics, probability, or engineering is revised for a new generation of students and instructors. The book also serves as a handy reference for professional mathematicians.

Introduction to the Mathematics of Operations Research with Mathematica®, Second Edition

Author: Kevin J. Hastings

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781574446128

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 592

View: 6741

The breadth of information about operations research and the overwhelming size of previous sources on the subject make it a difficult topic for non-specialists to grasp. Fortunately, Introduction to the Mathematics of Operations Research with Mathematica®, Second Edition delivers a concise analysis that benefits professionals in operations research and related fields in statistics, management, applied mathematics, and finance. The second edition retains the character of the earlier version, while incorporating developments in the sphere of operations research, technology, and mathematics pedagogy. Covering the topics crucial to applied mathematics, it examines graph theory, linear programming, stochastic processes, and dynamic programming. This self-contained text includes an accompanying electronic version and a package of useful commands. The electronic version is in the form of Mathematica notebooks, enabling you to devise, edit, and execute/reexecute commands, increasing your level of comprehension and problem-solving. Mathematica sharpens the impact of this book by allowing you to conveniently carry out graph algorithms, experiment with large powers of adjacency matrices in order to check the path counting theorem and Markov chains, construct feasible regions of linear programming problems, and use the "dictionary" method to solve these problems. You can also create simulators for Markov chains, Poisson processes, and Brownian motions in Mathematica, increasing your understanding of the defining conditions of these processes. Among many other benefits, Mathematica also promotes recursive solutions for problems related to first passage times and absorption probabilities.

Elements of Real Analysis

Author: M.A. Al-Gwaiz,S.A. Elsanousi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142001160X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

View: 1229

Focusing on one of the main pillars of mathematics, Elements of Real Analysis provides a solid foundation in analysis, stressing the importance of two elements. The first building block comprises analytical skills and structures needed for handling the basic notions of limits and continuity in a simple concrete setting while the second component involves conducting analysis in higher dimensions and more abstract spaces. Largely self-contained, the book begins with the fundamental axioms of the real number system and gradually develops the core of real analysis. The first few chapters present the essentials needed for analysis, including the concepts of sets, relations, and functions. The following chapters cover the theory of calculus on the real line, exploring limits, convergence tests, several functions such as monotonic and continuous, power series, and theorems like mean value, Taylor's, and Darboux's. The final chapters focus on more advanced theory, in particular, the Lebesgue theory of measure and integration. Requiring only basic knowledge of elementary calculus, this textbook presents the necessary material for a first course in real analysis. Developed by experts who teach such courses, it is ideal for undergraduate students in mathematics and related disciplines, such as engineering, statistics, computer science, and physics, to understand the foundations of real analysis.

Introduction to Mathematical Proofs, Second Edition

A Transition to Advanced Mathematics, Second Edition

Author: Charles Roberts

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482246880

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 6961

Introduction to Mathematical Proofs helps students develop the necessary skills to write clear, correct, and concise proofs. Unlike similar textbooks, this one begins with logic since it is the underlying language of mathematics and the basis of reasoned arguments. The text then discusses deductive mathematical systems and the systems of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, and real numbers. It also covers elementary topics in set theory, explores various properties of relations and functions, and proves several theorems using induction. The final chapters introduce the concept of cardinalities of sets and the concepts and proofs of real analysis and group theory. In the appendix, the author includes some basic guidelines to follow when writing proofs. This new edition includes more than 125 new exercises in sections titled More Challenging Exercises. Also, numerous examples illustrate in detail how to write proofs and show how to solve problems. These examples can serve as models for students to emulate when solving exercises. Several biographical sketches and historical comments have been included to enrich and enliven the text. Written in a conversational style, yet maintaining the proper level of mathematical rigor, this accessible book teaches students to reason logically, read proofs critically, and write valid mathematical proofs. It prepares them to succeed in more advanced mathematics courses, such as abstract algebra and analysis.

Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Fourth Edition

Author: Elliott Mendelson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412808302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 4852

The Fourth Edition of this long-established text retains all the key features of the previous editions, covering the basic topics of a solid first course in mathematical logic. This edition includes an extensive appendix on second-order logic, a section on set theory with urlements, and a section on the logic that results when we allow models with empty domains. The text contains numerous exercises and an appendix furnishes answers to many of them. Introduction to Mathematical Logic includes: propositional logic first-order logic first-order number theory and the incompleteness and undecidability theorems of Gödel, Rosser, Church, and Tarski axiomatic set theory theory of computability The study of mathematical logic, axiomatic set theory, and computability theory provides an understanding of the fundamental assumptions and proof techniques that form basis of mathematics. Logic and computability theory have also become indispensable tools in theoretical computer science, including artificial intelligence. Introduction to Mathematical Logic covers these topics in a clear, reader-friendly style that will be valued by anyone working in computer science as well as lecturers and researchers in mathematics, philosophy, and related fields.

A Bridge to Higher Mathematics

Author: Valentin Deaconu,Donald C. Pfaff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498775268

Category: Mathematics

Page: 218

View: 3375

A Bridge to Higher Mathematics is more than simply another book to aid the transition to advanced mathematics. The authors intend to assist students in developing a deeper understanding of mathematics and mathematical thought. The only way to understand mathematics is by doing mathematics. The reader will learn the language of axioms and theorems and will write convincing and cogent proofs using quantifiers. Students will solve many puzzles and encounter some mysteries and challenging problems. The emphasis is on proof. To progress towards mathematical maturity, it is necessary to be trained in two aspects: the ability to read and understand a proof and the ability to write a proof. The journey begins with elements of logic and techniques of proof, then with elementary set theory, relations and functions. Peano axioms for positive integers and for natural numbers follow, in particular mathematical and other forms of induction. Next is the construction of integers including some elementary number theory. The notions of finite and infinite sets, cardinality of counting techniques and combinatorics illustrate more techniques of proof. For more advanced readers, the text concludes with sets of rational numbers, the set of reals and the set of complex numbers. Topics, like Zorn’s lemma and the axiom of choice are included. More challenging problems are marked with a star. All these materials are optional, depending on the instructor and the goals of the course.

Option Valuation

A First Course in Financial Mathematics

Author: Hugo D. Junghenn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439889112

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 7541

Option Valuation: A First Course in Financial Mathematics provides a straightforward introduction to the mathematics and models used in the valuation of financial derivatives. It examines the principles of option pricing in detail via standard binomial and stochastic calculus models. Developing the requisite mathematical background as needed, the text presents an introduction to probability theory and stochastic calculus suitable for undergraduate students in mathematics, economics, and finance. The first nine chapters of the book describe option valuation techniques in discrete time, focusing on the binomial model. The author shows how the binomial model offers a practical method for pricing options using relatively elementary mathematical tools. The binomial model also enables a clear, concrete exposition of fundamental principles of finance, such as arbitrage and hedging, without the distraction of complex mathematical constructs. The remaining chapters illustrate the theory in continuous time, with an emphasis on the more mathematically sophisticated Black-Scholes-Merton model. Largely self-contained, this classroom-tested text offers a sound introduction to applied probability through a mathematical finance perspective. Numerous examples and exercises help students gain expertise with financial calculus methods and increase their general mathematical sophistication. The exercises range from routine applications to spreadsheet projects to the pricing of a variety of complex financial instruments. Hints and solutions to odd-numbered problems are given in an appendix and a full solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.

Introduction to Algebra

Author: Peter J. Cameron

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198569130

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 5170

This Second Edition of a classic algebra text includes updated and comprehensive introductory chapters,new material on axiom of Choice, p-groups and local rings, discussion of theory and applications, and over 300 exercises. It is an ideal introductory text for all Year 1 and 2 undergraduate students in mathematics.

Sets, Functions, and Logic

An Introduction to Abstract Mathematics, Third Edition

Author: Keith Devlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482286025

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 3630

Keith Devlin. You know him. You've read his columns in MAA Online, you've heard him on the radio, and you've seen his popular mathematics books. In between all those activities and his own research, he's been hard at work revising Sets, Functions and Logic, his standard-setting text that has smoothed the road to pure mathematics for legions of undergraduate students. Now in its third edition, Devlin has fully reworked the book to reflect a new generation. The narrative is more lively and less textbook-like. Remarks and asides link the topics presented to the real world of students' experience. The chapter on complex numbers and the discussion of formal symbolic logic are gone in favor of more exercises, and a new introductory chapter on the nature of mathematics--one that motivates readers and sets the stage for the challenges that lie ahead. Students crossing the bridge from calculus to higher mathematics need and deserve all the help they can get. Sets, Functions, and Logic, Third Edition is an affordable little book that all of your transition-course students not only can afford, but will actually read...and enjoy...and learn from. About the Author Dr. Keith Devlin is Executive Director of Stanford University's Center for the Study of Language and Information and a Consulting Professor of Mathematics at Stanford. He has written 23 books, one interactive book on CD-ROM, and over 70 published research articles. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a World Economic Forum Fellow, and a former member of the Mathematical Sciences Education Board of the National Academy of Sciences,. Dr. Devlin is also one of the world's leading popularizers of mathematics. Known as "The Math Guy" on NPR's Weekend Edition, he is a frequent contributor to other local and national radio and TV shows in the US and Britain, writes a monthly column for the Web journal MAA Online, and regularly writes on mathematics and computers for the British newspaper The Guardian.

Guide to Analysis

Author: F. Mary Hart

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349093904

Category: Applied mathematics

Page: 202

View: 3583

Guide to Analysis aims to minimise the difficulties which arise from the contrast between analysis and sixth form mathematics. It includes historical notes and anecdotes which will help the reader to appreciate how the subject developed to its present form. Plenty of worked and unworked examples, the latter with hints for solution and answers, are also included.

Applications of Abstract Algebra with MAPLE

Author: Richard Klima,Neil Sigmon,Ernest Stitzinger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420049930

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 2860

The mathematical concepts of abstract algebra may indeed be considered abstract, but its utility is quite concrete and continues to grow in importance. Unfortunately, the practical application of abstract algebra typically involves extensive and cumbersome calculations-often frustrating even the most dedicated attempts to appreciate and employ its intricacies. Now, however, sophisticated mathematical software packages help obviate the need for heavy number-crunching and make fields dependent on the algebra more interesting-and more accessible. Applications of Abstract Algebra with Maple opens the door to cryptography, coding, Polya counting theory, and the many other areas dependent on abstract algebra. The authors have carefully integrated Maple V throughout the text, enabling readers to see realistic examples of the topics discussed without struggling with the computations. But the book stands well on its own if the reader does not have access to the software. The text includes a first-chapter review of the mathematics required-groups, rings, and finite fields-and a Maple tutorial in the appendix along with detailed treatments of coding, cryptography, and Polya theory applications. Applications of Abstract Algebra with Maple packs a double punch for those interested in beginning-or advancing-careers related to the applications of abstract algebra. It not only provides an in-depth introduction to the fascinating, real-world problems to which the algebra applies, it offers readers the opportunity to gain experience in using one of the leading and most respected mathematical software packages available.

Introduction to Functional Data Analysis

Author: Piotr Kokoszka,Matthew Reimherr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498746691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 6877

Introduction to Functional Data Analysis provides a concise textbook introduction to the field. It explains how to analyze functional data, both at exploratory and inferential levels. It also provides a systematic and accessible exposition of the methodology and the required mathematical framework. The book can be used as textbook for a semester-long course on FDA for advanced undergraduate or MS statistics majors, as well as for MS and PhD students in other disciplines, including applied mathematics, environmental science, public health, medical research, geophysical sciences and economics. It can also be used for self-study and as a reference for researchers in those fields who wish to acquire solid understanding of FDA methodology and practical guidance for its implementation. Each chapter contains plentiful examples of relevant R code and theoretical and data analytic problems. The material of the book can be roughly divided into four parts of approximately equal length: 1) basic concepts and techniques of FDA, 2) functional regression models, 3) sparse and dependent functional data, and 4) introduction to the Hilbert space framework of FDA. The book assumes advanced undergraduate background in calculus, linear algebra, distributional probability theory, foundations of statistical inference, and some familiarity with R programming. Other required statistics background is provided in scalar settings before the related functional concepts are developed. Most chapters end with references to more advanced research for those who wish to gain a more in-depth understanding of a specific topic.

Essential Calculus

Author: James Stewart

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133112293

Category: Mathematics

Page: 960

View: 4396

This book is for instructors who think that most calculus textbooks are too long. In writing the book, James Stewart asked himself: What is essential for a three-semester calculus course for scientists and engineers? ESSENTIAL CALCULUS, Second Edition, offers a concise approach to teaching calculus that focuses on major concepts, and supports those concepts with precise definitions, patient explanations, and carefully graded problems. The book is only 900 pages--two-thirds the size of Stewart’s other calculus texts, and yet it contains almost all of the same topics. The author achieved this relative brevity primarily by condensing the exposition and by putting some of the features on the book’s website, www.StewartCalculus.com. Despite the more compact size, the book has a modern flavor, covering technology and incorporating material to promote conceptual understanding, though not as prominently as in Stewart’s other books. ESSENTIAL CALCULUS features the same attention to detail, eye for innovation, and meticulous accuracy that have made Stewart’s textbooks the best-selling calculus texts in the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Countdown to Mathematics

Author: Lynne Graham,David Sargent

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780201137316

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 479

Countdown to Mathematics has been written to help self-study students to revise and practise basic skills in arithmetic, algebra, geometry, graphs and trigonometry. The nine teaching modules in Countdown to Mathematics have been split into two separate books. Volume 1 consists of Modules 1-4 and concentrates on basic mathematical skills. It deals with arithmetic, simple algebra, how to plot and read graphs, and the representation of data. Where possible, the techniques are illustrated with real-world applications. Volume 2 consists of Modules 5-9 and covers geometry, graphs, trigonometry and algebra. The emphasis here is on the manipulative skills which are necessary for most mathematical courses beyond GCSE standard.

Elementary Probability

Author: David Stirzaker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441032

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3746

Now available in a fully revised and updated second edition, this well established textbook provides a straightforward introduction to the theory of probability. The presentation is entertaining without any sacrifice of rigour; important notions are covered with the clarity that the subject demands. Topics covered include conditional probability, independence, discrete and continuous random variables, basic combinatorics, generating functions and limit theorems, and an introduction to Markov chains. The text is accessible to undergraduate students and provides numerous worked examples and exercises to help build the important skills necessary for problem solving.

A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Understanding Why and How

Author: F.M. Dekking,C. Kraaikamp,H.P. Lopuhaä,L.E. Meester

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846281687

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 5969

Suitable for self study Use real examples and real data sets that will be familiar to the audience Introduction to the bootstrap is included – this is a modern method missing in many other books

Elementary Analysis

The Theory of Calculus

Author: Kenneth A. Ross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461462711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 1087

For over three decades, this best-selling classic has been used by thousands of students in the United States and abroad as a must-have textbook for a transitional course from calculus to analysis. It has proven to be very useful for mathematics majors who have no previous experience with rigorous proofs. Its friendly style unlocks the mystery of writing proofs, while carefully examining the theoretical basis for calculus. Proofs are given in full, and the large number of well-chosen examples and exercises range from routine to challenging. The second edition preserves the book’s clear and concise style, illuminating discussions, and simple, well-motivated proofs. New topics include material on the irrationality of pi, the Baire category theorem, Newton's method and the secant method, and continuous nowhere-differentiable functions.

Basics of Matrix Algebra for Statistics with R

Author: Nick Fieller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149871238X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 3969

A Thorough Guide to Elementary Matrix Algebra and Implementation in R Basics of Matrix Algebra for Statistics with R provides a guide to elementary matrix algebra sufficient for undertaking specialized courses, such as multivariate data analysis and linear models. It also covers advanced topics, such as generalized inverses of singular and rectangular matrices and manipulation of partitioned matrices, for those who want to delve deeper into the subject. The book introduces the definition of a matrix and the basic rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and inversion. Later topics include determinants, calculation of eigenvectors and eigenvalues, and differentiation of linear and quadratic forms with respect to vectors. The text explores how these concepts arise in statistical techniques, including principal component analysis, canonical correlation analysis, and linear modeling. In addition to the algebraic manipulation of matrices, the book presents numerical examples that illustrate how to perform calculations by hand and using R. Many theoretical and numerical exercises of varying levels of difficulty aid readers in assessing their knowledge of the material. Outline solutions at the back of the book enable readers to verify the techniques required and obtain numerical answers. Avoiding vector spaces and other advanced mathematics, this book shows how to manipulate matrices and perform numerical calculations in R. It prepares readers for higher-level and specialized studies in statistics.

The BUGS Book

A Practical Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Author: David Lunn,Chris Jackson,Nicky Best,Andrew Thomas,David Spiegelhalter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 9008

Bayesian statistical methods have become widely used for data analysis and modelling in recent years, and the BUGS software has become the most popular software for Bayesian analysis worldwide. Authored by the team that originally developed this software, The BUGS Book provides a practical introduction to this program and its use. The text presents complete coverage of all the functionalities of BUGS, including prediction, missing data, model criticism, and prior sensitivity. It also features a large number of worked examples and a wide range of applications from various disciplines. The book introduces regression models, techniques for criticism and comparison, and a wide range of modelling issues before going into the vital area of hierarchical models, one of the most common applications of Bayesian methods. It deals with essentials of modelling without getting bogged down in complexity. The book emphasises model criticism, model comparison, sensitivity analysis to alternative priors, and thoughtful choice of prior distributions—all those aspects of the "art" of modelling that are easily overlooked in more theoretical expositions. More pragmatic than ideological, the authors systematically work through the large range of "tricks" that reveal the real power of the BUGS software, for example, dealing with missing data, censoring, grouped data, prediction, ranking, parameter constraints, and so on. Many of the examples are biostatistical, but they do not require domain knowledge and are generalisable to a wide range of other application areas. Full code and data for examples, exercises, and some solutions can be found on the book’s website.