This book evaluates the history, the present and the future of water markets on 5 continents, beginning with the institutional underpinnings of water markets and factors influencing transaction costs. The book examines markets in seven countries and three different U.S. states, ranging from village-level water markets in Oman to basin wide formal water markets in Australia's Murray-Darling River basin. Introductory chapters on the background of water markets and on transaction costs and policy design are followed by chapter length discussion of water markets as an adaptive response to climate change and of supply reliability in a changing climate. Case studies describe a variety of facets of the design and function of markets around the world: California, Chile, Spain, Oman, Australia, Canada, India and China. In analyzing these real-world examples of markets, the contributors explore water rights and trading of rights between agricultural and urban sectors and the principles and function of option markets. They discuss different sized approaches, from large scale, ministry-level administration of markets to informal arrangements among farmers in the same village, or groups of villages which allocate water without large investment in management and infrastructure. Discussion includes questions of why water market practices have not expanded more rapidly in arid places. The book discusses mechanisms for resolving conflicts between water rights holders as well as between water right holders and third parties impacted by water trades and whether or not public ownership of water rights or use rights should trump private ownership and under what condition. Also covered are new and expanding categories of water use, beyond human consumption, agriculture and industry to new technologies ranging from extracting natural gas from shale to producing biofuels. The book concludes with suggestions for future water markets and offers a realistic picture of how they might change water use and distribution practices going forward.
Much has been written about globalization as an economic and political concept. The academic debate looks forward for explanations about the historical roots and development of this emerging phenomenon where the Nation-State’s evolved into a system where nations are ruled by the dynamics of global interdependence. Globalization in the new era is characterized as a process where geographical, political and cultural borders tend to dissolve. The Westphalia notion of sovereignty capitulates against the principle of political subordination as integration of local power ensuring national legitimacy.
Public Policies and Citizen Participation in Chile
Author: Gonzalo Delamaza
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Political Science
Since the end of the Pinochet regime, Chilean public policy has sought to rebuild democratic governance in the country. This book examines the links between the state and civil society in Chile and the ways social policies have sought to ensure the inclusion of the poor in society and democracy. Although Chile has gained political stability and grown economically, the ability of social policies to expand democratic governance and participation has proved limited, and in fact such policies have become subordinate to an elitist model of democracy and resulted in a restrictive form of citizen participation.
"Examines what Cuba must do to ensure energy sustainability and self-sufficiency in order to secure its future, including advancing relationships with its neighbors, and discusses ways the island nation might seek greater cooperation with the United States in these endeavors"--Provided by publisher.
Disponer de recursos h dricos en cantidad, calidad y oportunidad adecuadas para los distintos usos humanos y para la conservaci n de los ecosistemas, representa uno de los grandes desaf os que necesitamos enfrentar para garantizar la transici n hacia un desarrollo sustentable. Para abordar los problemas del agua en el continente americano y explorar algunas perspectivas de soluci n, la Comisi n Nacional del Agua, en colaboraci n con varias instituciones, organiz el foro Agua para las Am ricas en el Siglo XXI, celebrado en la Ciudad de M xico en octubre de 2002. Este libro, de autor a colectiva y dirigido a un p blico amplio, incluye los principales resultados derivados de este foro y difunde informaci n e ideas que sin duda resultar n de utilidad para una discusi n centrada en la gesti n del agua en nuestro continente.
United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America